Egg Donors

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Last Updated on Jul 29, 2019
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Donors

Egg donors are women who agree to donate their eggs with altruistic intents or donate them for a fee.

The most sought-after donors are the ones between the ages of 21-30 years. If a donor is above the age of 35 years, their response to the fertility drugs may not be adequate or the quality of their eggs may be compromised. This may result in an absence of pregnancy, miscarriage or birth defects. Sometimes women who have had children or who have previously donated eggs are preferred.

In the case of donation for reproductive purposes, donors with above-average height, good looks and talent are in demand. Matching is usually done by ethnicity, skin, eye and hair color, height and body- build. In some instances the donor may be a relation, but in the vast majority of cases they remain anonymous.

There exists a huge dearth in the availability of egg donors, and scientists have hit upon the idea of ‘egg sharing’ to resolve it. The method involves using the extra eggs that result after an egg collection. In some countries, such as India, a donor may be a woman who is undergoing IVF. The expenses for her procedure are met by the donee, in return for the donated eggs. Here, the options for the donee are curtailed and she may have to settle for the eggs of a sub fertile, sometimes an unattractive, woman. Some women also agree to donate their extra eggs towards research.

A donor may be required to undergo physical and gynecological examinations before being selected, and, to re-schedule her life, to meet the demands of the protocol. A psychological evaluation is also undertaken to assess the ability of the donor to withstand the pressures of the physical and emotional aspects of donation.

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The concept of egg donation risk is always relevant for egg donors and recipients of these donor eggs. The world is becoming more ethical and people do not want to embark on any thing which will pose potential harm to a person willing to do good.

For donors, their fertility is not adversely impacted. The period on hormone treatment is for a minimal period and egg donors are carefully assessed during this short period to ascertain whether the medication should be increased or lowered in accordance with her body's response to the stimulation.

In the event that a woman experiences some challenges with conception or fertility later in life after the donor program, it is not likely a consequence to this. Examples include uterine or tubal problems. The screening process for a program requires review of the ovaries, not necessarily the entire reproductive system. Also, sperm plays a role.

The actual retrieval of the eggs is a vaginal process undertaken either under sedation or general anaesthetic. This is also not a risky process. Donor eggs retrieval or harvesting is not an operation, rather an extraction of the eggs from the follicles of the ovaries. This does not involve any cutting or scarring of the ovarian tissue.

After this program, the ovaries will appear slightly different, but not unnatural, just like they have been stimulated. Egg donors are encouraged to remain in contact with the medical practitioner in the event of any concerns.

There is no increased risk for a person receiving eggs. There is extensive screening for people who donate on all levels - by the agency, social level and medical review.





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