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Egg Donation - Caution

Last Updated on Sep 18, 2020
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Special caution must be exercised by a woman who is preparing for egg donation, as there are several factors,besides health issues, that are of grave concern.

  • In the case of egg donation for the purpose of reproduction, fertility clinics or the individuals concerned may be involved in the transaction. Sometimes a third party or a broker involved.
  • Selection may take place after a telephonic interview or a direct one. Several questions related to the candidate’s medical history and that of her family will be asked.
  • Sometimes genetic testing or screening for high-risk diseases is done on the candidate as part of the protocol.
  • The candidate should well be aware of the payment details.A medical insurance may cover in the case of complications.
  • Consult the doctor on details regarding medications
  • The candidate must be psychologically prepared to meet the physical and emotional challenges offered by the programme.
  • It may be advisable to talk to a counselor to minimise the stress
  • Those who are religiously inclined may also take the advise of a religious counselor if they so desire
  • Donors should find the answers to the following questions-
  1. Who will foot the bills for the medical tests?
  2. What happens to the information provided?
  3. Is there a system in place in case of an emergency?
  4. If a risk is detected after genetic testing, is there scope for genetic counseling?
  5. What is the status of the medical/life insurance when a high-risk status is detected?
  6. If the offspring develops a disease or requires a transplant later on, will the concerned people contact the donor for help?

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The concept of egg donation risk is always relevant for egg donors and recipients of these donor eggs. The world is becoming more ethical and people do not want to embark on any thing which will pose potential harm to a person willing to do good.

For donors, their fertility is not adversely impacted. The period on hormone treatment is for a minimal period and egg donors are carefully assessed during this short period to ascertain whether the medication should be increased or lowered in accordance with her body's response to the stimulation.

In the event that a woman experiences some challenges with conception or fertility later in life after the donor program, it is not likely a consequence to this. Examples include uterine or tubal problems. The screening process for a program requires review of the ovaries, not necessarily the entire reproductive system. Also, sperm plays a role.

The actual retrieval of the eggs is a vaginal process undertaken either under sedation or general anaesthetic. This is also not a risky process. Donor eggs retrieval or harvesting is not an operation, rather an extraction of the eggs from the follicles of the ovaries. This does not involve any cutting or scarring of the ovarian tissue.

After this program, the ovaries will appear slightly different, but not unnatural, just like they have been stimulated. Egg donors are encouraged to remain in contact with the medical practitioner in the event of any concerns.

There is no increased risk for a person receiving eggs. There is extensive screening for people who donate on all levels - by the agency, social level and medical review.


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