Drug Detox - Alcohol Detoxification

1
Last Updated on May 02, 2016
Average
4.4
Rating : 12345
Rate This Article : 1 2 3 4 5
RSS Email Print This Page Comment bookmark
Font : A-A+

Alcohol Detoxification

People who consume large amounts of alcohol daily get dependent on it. If they stop consuming it, they suffer from withdrawal symptoms like tremors, palpitations, sleep disturbances, hallucinations and even seizures. Alcohol detoxification should be done under close observation especially in severe cases.

  • The patient should be adequately hydrated and electrolyte levels should be monitored.
  • He should be given high doses of vitamin B1, which is often less in alcoholic patients.
  • A sedative like oxazepam may also be given.
  • Antiseizure drugs like carbamazepine may be effective especially to prevent seizures.
  • Counseling is needed to prevent a relapse.
  • A drug called disulfiram (Antabuse) is used to prevent relapses. The patient has to take the drug daily. If he starts taking alcohol while on the medication, he suffers from unpleasant symptoms like flushing. This deters him from drinking alcohol. However, the patient has to be highly motivated to take the drug daily, which may not always be the case in alcoholic patients.
  • Another drug, naltrexone is also being used along with behavioral therapy. It blocks the reinforcing effects of alcohol that urge the patient to drink repeatedly.
  • Acamprosate is a recently approved drug for chronic alcoholism. It is used either alone or in combination with naltrexone.

Reference:

  1. Goodman and Gilman. The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics 11th edition.

Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.
Notify me when reply is posted
I agree to the terms and conditions

We get a large number of individuals coming to our facility to detox off of opiates, although alcohol is also prevalent, majority is for a prescription abuse. Our site has more info at www.solutions-recovery.com about our Las Vegas program. A thing to remember thoug his that Detox is only the first step to kick an addiction

Recommended Reading

Show More Related Topics

Diabetes Premium Membership Benefits

Health Topics A - Z

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Search

Addiction

Medindia Newsletters

Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!

Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

Doctor Search

Stay Connected

  • Available on the Android Market
  • Available on the App Store