About Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us

Incidence of Diet and High Blood Pressure

Written by Inara Hasanali, M.A.  | Medically Reviewed by Dr. Sunil Shroff, MBBS, MS, FRCS (UK), D. Urol (Lond) on Feb 14, 2020
Font : A-A+

Incidence of Diet and High Blood Pressure

As per the global survey conducted in the year 2000 by The Lancet, there were 118 million Indians who suffer from hypertension, half of them being women. The Lancet has recently argued that aggressive control strategies are necessary since the number of hypertensive people is rising sharply especially in the developing nations like India and China.


Recent studies suggest than one in three urban Indians has high blood pressure, however to some extent rural India is still relatively free from hypertension. This can be linked to the increase in the number of deaths in India due to cardio vascular disease. City dwellers have increased their consumption of salt and processed foods and more often lead a more sedentary life than their rural counterparts.

According to a cross sectional and interventional study on the effects of inhalation of salt particles in non-brine workers carried out in India, salt inhalation may also raise blood pressure. (‘Risk of high blood pressure in salt workers working near salt mining plants’ : by Kripa Ram Haldiya, Murali Lal Mathur, Raman Sachdev and Habibullah N. Saiyed)


“Hypertension has gone a bit out of fashion,” says Dr. Jan Ostergren of Sweden’s Karolinska University Hospital, who co-authored a first-of-its-kind analysis of the global impact of high blood pressure. Although it is a common problem detection and hence early control of blood pressure is still at a basic level and many physicians and doctors feel that not enough measures have been taken for its prevention or control unlike other high profile diseases like bird flu or HIV. Hypertension is a silent killer disease and if left untreated it can increase the risk of heart disease, stroke as well as kidney failure and eye damage.

Dietary salt increases the blood pressure in most people who have already been diagnosed as hypertensive. With increasing age, dietary salt can cause high blood pressure in about a quarter of those with normal blood pressure.


  1. Hajjar IM, Grim CE, George V, Kotchen TA. Impact of diet on blood pressure and age-related changes in blood pressure in the US population: analysis of NHANES III. Arch Intern Med. 2001;161(4):589-593
  2. Ruidavets J-B, Bongard V, Simon C, Dallongeville J, Ducimetiere P, Arveiler D, Amouyel P, Bingham A, Ferrierres : Independent contribution of dairy products and calcium intake to blood pressure variations at a population level. J Hypertens 2006
  3. About cardiovascular diseases - (https://www.who.int/cardiovascular_diseases/about_cvd/en/)
  4. Risk of high blood pressure in salt workers working near salt milling plants: A cross-sectional and interventional study - (http://www.ehjournal.net/content/4/1/13)
  5. DASH Diet and High Blood Pressure - (http://www.webmd.com/hypertension-high-blood-pressure/guide/dash-diet)
  6. Potassium lowers blood pressure - (http://www.health.harvard.edu/fhg/updates/update0705c.shtml)
  7. Dietary calcium intake and Renin Angiotensin System polymorphisms alter the blood pressure response to aerobic exercise: a randomized control design - (http://www.nutritionandmetabolism.com/content/4/1/1)
  8. Calcium - (http://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/calcium.asp)

Citations   close

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Inara Hasanali. (2020, February 14). Incidence of Diet and High Blood Pressure. Medindia. Retrieved on May 18, 2022 from https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/diet-high-blood-pressure-incidence.htm.

  • MLA

    Inara Hasanali. "Incidence of Diet and High Blood Pressure". Medindia. May 18, 2022. <https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/diet-high-blood-pressure-incidence.htm>.

  • Chicago

    Inara Hasanali. "Incidence of Diet and High Blood Pressure". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/diet-high-blood-pressure-incidence.htm. (accessed May 18, 2022).

  • Harvard

    Inara Hasanali. 2021. Incidence of Diet and High Blood Pressure. Medindia, viewed May 18, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/diet-high-blood-pressure-incidence.htm.

Do you wish to consult a General Medicine Doctor / Internal Medicine Doctor for your problem? Ask your question

Dr. Rajammal Manohar
Dr. Rajammal Manohar
4 years experience
, kodambakkam
Teleconsult Now View Profile
Dr. Pintu Bhut
Dr. Pintu Bhut
7 years experience
Maruti Clinic, VIP Circle
Teleconsult Now View Profile
View All

Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.



Please make your content more India specific, being a common man its impossible to find most of the items mentioned in this article. And also try to mention only those food items that are easily affordable and used in everyday life.


I had been looking for an India specific diet plan but most of the items listed aren't even available easily and regularly. Please mention Indian food items.


i have 140/90 BP. what should i do and not to do.


let me know min bp 73 and high bp 117 for 43 age male..is comes under which level BP


so it means Ca tablets decreases blood pressure.

Health Topics A - Z

    What's New on Medindia
    Black Water: Benefits and Uses
    World Hypertension Day 2022 - Measure Blood Pressure Accurately, Control It, Live Longer!
    Drinking This Popular Beverage May Drop Dementia Risk
    View all

    Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
    Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

    Most Popular on Medindia

    Find a Hospital Hearing Loss Calculator The Essence of Yoga Indian Medical Journals Turmeric Powder - Health Benefits, Uses & Side Effects Sanatogen How to Reduce School Bag Weight - Simple Tips Accident and Trauma Care Drug Interaction Checker Loram (2 mg) (Lorazepam)

    Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

    © All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2022

    This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use