Written by Inara Hasanali, M.A.  | 
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Sunil Shroff, MBBS, MS, FRCS (UK), D. Urol (Lond) on Feb 14, 2020

Causes of Diet and High Blood Pressure

The causes of blood pressure may vary according to individuals.

In 90 to 95% of the cases of high blood pressure cases, the cause is unknown. Many patients have had high blood pressure for years and do not know it. Thatís why high blood pressure is sometimes called a silent disease. It creeps on you unaware. It often has no signs and symptoms and yet it becomes a life long disease. When the cause is unknown it is called essential or primary hypertension.

Certain associations have been noticed with people having essential hypertension. They include a high intake of salt, hereditary (genetic) susceptibility, obesity and kidney failure (renal insufficiency). Lack of exercise and aging inflammation may also play a role in the development of hypertension.

In about 10 to 5 % of the remaining cases hypertension is due to certain factors that can be corrected. They include:

  • Narrowing of certain arteries
  • Kidney abnormality
  • Structural abnormality of the aorta existing from birth

The metabolic syndrome where individuals have insulin resistance and a tendency to Type 2 Diabetes is also a cause of developing hypertension.

References:

  1. Hajjar IM, Grim CE, George V, Kotchen TA. Impact of diet on blood pressure and age-related changes in blood pressure in the US population: analysis of NHANES III. Arch Intern Med. 2001;161(4):589-593
  2. Ruidavets J-B, Bongard V, Simon C, Dallongeville J, Ducimetiere P, Arveiler D, Amouyel P, Bingham A, Ferrierres : Independent contribution of dairy products and calcium intake to blood pressure variations at a population level. J Hypertens 2006
  3. About cardiovascular diseases - (https://www.who.int/cardiovascular_diseases/about_cvd/en/)
  4. Risk of high blood pressure in salt workers working near salt milling plants: A cross-sectional and interventional study - (http://www.ehjournal.net/content/4/1/13)
  5. DASH Diet and High Blood Pressure - (http://www.webmd.com/hypertension-high-blood-pressure/guide/dash-diet)
  6. Potassium lowers blood pressure - (http://www.health.harvard.edu/fhg/updates/update0705c.shtml)
  7. Dietary calcium intake and Renin Angiotensin System polymorphisms alter the blood pressure response to aerobic exercise: a randomized control design - (http://www.nutritionandmetabolism.com/content/4/1/1)
  8. Calcium - (http://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/calcium.asp)

Comments

Ramesh31 Thursday, August 31, 2017

Please make your content more India specific, being a common man its impossible to find most of the items mentioned in this article. And also try to mention only those food items that are easily affordable and used in everyday life.

Ramesh31 Thursday, August 31, 2017

I had been looking for an India specific diet plan but most of the items listed aren't even available easily and regularly. Please mention Indian food items.

viveklala Thursday, June 13, 2013

i have 140/90 BP. what should i do and not to do.

ganeshdubai Friday, December 7, 2012

let me know min bp 73 and high bp 117 for 43 age male..is comes under which level BP

amna.t Tuesday, October 16, 2012

so it means Ca tablets decreases blood pressure.

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