Diabetic Diet - Glycemic Index (GI)

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Dr. Nithin Jayan
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Nithin Jayan, MBBS, DNB
Last Updated on Oct 13, 2017
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Diabetic Diet - Glycemic Index (GI)

Researchers have created a glycemic index (GI)that ranks foods according to their ability to raise blood sugar. Different foods raise the blood glucose to different degrees. The time and ease with which the food gets converted into glucose determines this rate.

Essentially, the GI is based on how quickly a particular food is digested,metabolized and then released into the bloodstream as glucose. Other factors contribute to variations in blood sugar, but the GI indicates which foods are likely to cause a rapid increase in blood sugar.

The GI uses a scale of numbers for foods with carbohydrates that have the slowest to highest effects on blood sugar. There are currently two indexes in use. One uses a scale of 1 to 100 with 100 representing a glucose tablet, which has the most rapid effect on blood sugar. This report uses the glucose index.The other common index uses a scale with 100 representing white bread (so some foods will be above 100.)

Higher the Glycemic Index (GI), the quicker the rise in blood sugar.

Glycemic IndexFood
91Honey
86Instant Mashed Potato
83Corn Flakes
72White Bread
64Table Sugar
61Banana
53Oatmeal
50Sweet Potato
49Pumpernickel Bread
38Apple

An effective diabetic diet can be planned by keeping a watch on the GI.

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Most carbs come from starches, fruits, milk, and sweets. Try to limit carbs with added sugars or those with refined grains, such as white bread and white rice. Choose healthy carbohydrates, such as fruit, vegetables, whole grains, beans, and low-fat milk, as part of your diabetes meal plan.

I disagree with this post. Eating up 6 times a day with the macros that you have mentioned will definitely make the disease worst. You can't treat dietary disease with more food rich in carbohydrates.

shahkhan_4

WHAT ABOUT THE SEA FOOD SUCH AS FISH, PRAWN and LOBSTER CAN WE USE THE ABOVE SAID?

i have diabetes since 2 years but it has brought positive changes in me i have reduced my weight by 18 kgs by regular exercise and diet control as of now i am off medicines i have become more active and energetic if i had followed this way of life previously i would not have had this disease but better late than never

Diabetes is said to be a sedentary lifestyle disease as people seldom get time to exercise and the food they eat is not properly converted.
Types Of diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes – Your body doesn’t produce Insulin at all.
Type 2 Diabetes – Your body doesn’t produce the required amount of insulin.
Gestational Diabetes - You develop this at the time of your pregnancy.
Although Diabetes is not curable, there are some remedies to keep Diabetes in check
1.Do not skip meals.
2.Avoid foods having high sodium/sugar content.
3.Avoid smoking, Drinking, Non vegetarian foods and Sweets completely.
4.Have fresh vegetables like lemon, Bitter Gourd, Amla, Tomatoes, Cucumbers more in your diet
(Keep in Your Mind, The body needs more fibers and these vegetables are a good source of Fiber).
5.Try walking for minimum 3 – 4 kilometers a day briskly.

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