Hyperosmolar Coma - A coma (loss of consciousness) related to high levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood and requiring emergency treatment. A person with this condition is usually older and weak from loss of body fluids and weight. The person may or may not have a previous history of diabetes. Ketones (acids) are not present in the urine.
Insulin - A hormone by the Pancreas. Insulin promotes glucose/sugar utilization and protein synthesis.
Pancreas - This is an elongated lobular shaped organ found in the abdomen starting from the first part of the small intestine.
Metabolism - A bio-chemical process through which energy consumption and energy production is carried out in cells.
Ketones - The end products of fat metabolism.