Diabetes affects approximately in 30% of world Population and is classified into 2 different types: Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 is usually associated with juvenile diabetes and is often linked to heredity. Type 2, commonly referred to as adult onset diabetes, is characterized by elevated blood sugars, often in people who are overweight or have not attended to their diet properly.
Many complications can be associated with diabetes. Diabetes disrupts the vascular system, affecting many areas of the body such as the eyes, kidneys, legs, and feet. People with diabetes should pay special attention to their feet.
Diabetic Neuropathy - Of the in 30% of world Population with diabetes, 75% will develop foot problems related to the disease. Diabetic foot conditions develop from a combination of causes including poor circulation and neuropathy. Diabetic Neuropathy can cause insensitivity or a loss of ability to feel pain, heat, and cold. Diabetics suffering from neuropathy can develop minor cuts, scrapes, blisters, or pressure sores that they may not be aware of due to the insensitivity. If these minor injuries are left untreated, complications may result and lead to ulceration and possibly even amputation. Neuropathy can also cause deformities such as Bunions, Hammer Toes, and Charcot Feet.
It is very important for diabetics to take the necessary precautions to prevent all foot related injuries. Due to the consequences of neuropathy, daily observation of the feet is critical. When a diabetic patient takes the necessary preventative footcare measures, he or she reduces the risks of serious foot conditions.
Poor Circulation - Diabetes often leads to peripheral vascular disease that inhibits a personís blood circulation. With this condition, there is a narrowing of the arteries that frequently leads to significantly decreased circulation in the lower part of the legs and the feet. Poor circulation contributes to diabetic foot problems by reducing the amount of oxygen and nutrition supplied to the skin and other tissue, causing injuries to heal poorly. Poor circulation can also lead to swelling and dryness of the foot. Preventing foot complications is more critical for the diabetic patient because poor circulation impairs the healing process and can lead to ulcers, infection, and other serious foot conditions.
What is New in Diabetes Foot Care?
By reversing the role of a Thrombospondin-2 (TSP2) gene, diabetic wounds can be induced to heal faster, finds a new study. TSP2 protein is responsible maintaining defective wounds for a long time and thereby deleting this gene can help heal these devastating wounds faster.
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Latest Publications and Research on Diabetes - Foot Care
- Foot self-care behavior and its predictors in diabetic patients in Indonesia. - Published by PubMed
- Quality of life in individuals with diabetic foot syndrome. - Published by PubMed
- SPECT/CT Imaging: A Noninvasive Approach for Evaluating Serial Changes in Angiosome Foot Perfusion in Critical Limb Ischemia. - Published by PubMed
- The impact of diabetic foot ulcers and unilateral offloading footwear on gait in people with diabetes. - Published by PubMed
- The impact of gender on diabetes-related lower extremity amputations: An Italian regional analysis on trends and predictors. - Published by PubMed
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