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Diabetes - Foot Care - Treatment - Prevention

Written by Mohan | Medically Reviewed by Dr. Sunil Shroff, MBBS, MS, FRCS (UK), D. Urol (Lond) on Aug 26, 2021
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Diabetes affects approximately in 30% of world Population and is classified into 2 different types: Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 is usually associated with juvenile diabetes and is often linked to heredity. Type 2, commonly referred to as adult onset diabetes, is characterized by elevated blood sugars, often in people who are overweight or have not attended to their diet properly.

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Many complications can be associated with diabetes. Diabetes disrupts the vascular system, affecting many areas of the body such as the eyes, kidneys, legs, and feet. People with diabetes should pay special attention to their feet.

Diabetic Neuropathy - Of the in 30% of world Population with diabetes, 75% will develop foot problems related to the disease. Diabetic foot conditions develop from a combination of causes including poor circulation and neuropathy. Diabetic Neuropathy can cause insensitivity or a loss of ability to feel pain, heat, and cold. Diabetics suffering from neuropathy can develop minor cuts, scrapes, blisters, or pressure sores that they may not be aware of due to the insensitivity. If these minor injuries are left untreated, complications may result and lead to ulceration and possibly even amputation. Neuropathy can also cause deformities such as Bunions, Hammer Toes, and Charcot Feet.

Diabetes Foot Care

It is very important for diabetics to take the necessary precautions to prevent all foot related injuries. Due to the consequences of neuropathy, daily observation of the feet is critical. When a diabetic patient takes the necessary preventative footcare measures, he or she reduces the risks of serious foot conditions.

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Poor Circulation - Diabetes often leads to peripheral vascular disease that inhibits a personís blood circulation. With this condition, there is a narrowing of the arteries that frequently leads to significantly decreased circulation in the lower part of the legs and the feet. Poor circulation contributes to diabetic foot problems by reducing the amount of oxygen and nutrition supplied to the skin and other tissue, causing injuries to heal poorly. Poor circulation can also lead to swelling and dryness of the foot. Preventing foot complications is more critical for the diabetic patient because poor circulation impairs the healing process and can lead to ulcers, infection, and other serious foot conditions.

What is New in Diabetes Foot Care?

1. Specific Gene Deletion can Help Treat Diabetic Wounds Faster

By reversing the role of a Thrombospondin-2 (TSP2) gene, diabetic wounds can be induced to heal faster, finds a new study. TSP2 protein is responsible maintaining defective wounds for a long time and thereby deleting this gene can help heal these devastating wounds faster.

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Latest Publications and Research on Diabetes - Foot Care


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Dr. Subhadeep Koner
Dr. Subhadeep Koner
MBBS
4 years experience
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Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Comments

ennairam_23

Many die not from diabetes itself but from complications arising from diabetes.

ennairam_23

When you're diabetic, you should take extra care about your feet and the rest of your body.

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