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Symptoms of Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

Last Updated on Jul 06, 2018
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Symptoms of Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

In deep vein thrombosis, there occurs an obstruction of blood returning to the heart and it leads to a backup of blood in the leg. Redness, warmth, tenderness, swelling occurs.

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Any trauma to a superficial vein causes a small blood clot to form. Affected vein is often palpable as a thick vessel. Inflammation of the vein and surrounding skin causes:

  • Redness
  • Warmth
  • Tenderness
  • Swelling

In deep vein thrombosis, there occurs an obstruction of blood returning to the heart and thus leads to a backup of blood in the leg. This can cause:

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Warmth
  • Redness

DVT may also be silent without any of these symptoms and this can be more dangerous as it may throw up a clot that may get lodged in the vessel of lungs causing acute breathing problems (called pulmonary embolism). The consequences of such a clot can sometimes be very grave for the person.

Cellulitis and certain infections of leg may mimic a DVT. Sometimes there occurs a massively swollen leg with pitting edema, pain, and blanching, a condition known as phlegmasia alba dolens. In advanced cases a painful blue leg develops, the condition is called phlegmasia cerulea dolens. If uncorrected, gangrene ensues and the leg may require amputation

References:

  1. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery, 18th ed.
  2. Bailey & Love Short Practice of Surgery, 25th ed.

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Comments

Nurgul

Does anybody know where is the best place for my mom to have a surgery of deep vein thrombosis? Doctor said she must have an operation but he said in our country is not the best place to do it... He has advised Israel, Russia... what do you think?

josgreg

The article provided a nice graphical view on the disease which was of the more specific on the topic. Diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis To diagnose this condition, you may have to undergo the following tests in an infirmary: >A blood test which is named as D-Dimer is usually done to measure a substance which is responsible for blood clots to break down. If you have negative reading in this test, it tells that you have deep vein thrombosis. http://bit.ly/hMPaJd

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