About Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us

Deep Vein Thrombosis and Flying - Treatment and Precautions

Last Updated on Dec 19, 2019
Font : A-A+

Treatment and Precautions of Deep Vein Thrombosis and Flying

Anticoagulants or blood thinners are used to treat deep vein thrombosis.


In case of DVT, the main aim of treatment is to prevent complications such as pulmonary embolism.

Pulmonary embolism can range between mild and severe. Mild PE can be treated through anticoagulation using blood thinners, while severe PE requires additional treatments such as clot busters (thrombolytic therapy) or embolectomy, which is a procedure in which the clot is removed with the help of a catheter or surgery.

A combination of two blood thinners are used in the beginning of anticoagulation therapy. They are heparin, which is administered to the patients through injection and warfarin, which is an oral blood thinner.

Heparin is available in two forms. The traditional unfractionated form has no fixed dose and requires intravenous administration. The recent forms of heparin include the low-molecular forms which are prescribed in accordance to the patientís weight and need to be injected into the patient once or twice on a daily basis. These forms of heparin have begun to replace the traditional forms. The treatment of warfarin is overlapped with heparin treatment until the former becomes effective. The duration of warfarin administration is a controversial area. The present recommendation is a 6-month therapy but it can vary with the patientís needs.


Patients may need their International Normalized Ratio (INR) checked every few weeks or months to avoid side effects of warfarin.

A person with PE is usually treated in the hospital while a DVT case can be managed on an out-patient basis.

In individuals who are unable to tolerate anticoagulation or in those for whom anticoagulation fails, a permanent metal filter may be inserted into the inferior vena cava (large vein below heart). This filter would then be able to stop the blood clots from reaching the pulmonary arteries and causing PE.

The drawback is that these filters do not prevent the clotting process and in turn they themselves may cause clots on or below the filter.

Precautions before Air Travel

If you are likely to travel by air, it is better to take precautions if you think you belong to the risk group.

General precautions are listed below:

  • Drink lots of water and avoid dehydration
  • Avoid alcohol and coffee during flight
  • Avoid sleeping pills as it will restrict your mobility
  • Avoid tight underwear and wear clothes that will permit easy movement
  • Keep your leg atop the luggage
  • Donít let your thigh press against seat. Slide forward and stretch your legs
  • Do in-flight exercises whenever possible
  • Take a walk around the cabin when possible
  • Wear stocking if necessary
  • Discuss with your doctor about using blood thinners

Citations   close

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Dr. Reeja Tharu. (2019, December 19). Deep Vein Thrombosis and Flying - Treatment and Precautions. Medindia. Retrieved on May 25, 2022 from https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/deep-vein-thrombosis-and-flying-treatment-and-precautions.htm.

  • MLA

    Dr. Reeja Tharu. "Deep Vein Thrombosis and Flying - Treatment and Precautions". Medindia. May 25, 2022. <https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/deep-vein-thrombosis-and-flying-treatment-and-precautions.htm>.

  • Chicago

    Dr. Reeja Tharu. "Deep Vein Thrombosis and Flying - Treatment and Precautions". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/deep-vein-thrombosis-and-flying-treatment-and-precautions.htm. (accessed May 25, 2022).

  • Harvard

    Dr. Reeja Tharu. 2021. Deep Vein Thrombosis and Flying - Treatment and Precautions. Medindia, viewed May 25, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/deep-vein-thrombosis-and-flying-treatment-and-precautions.htm.

Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Health Topics A - Z

    Drugs for Deep Vein Thrombosis and Flying
    What's New on Medindia
    Monkeypox Outbreak: What it is, How Does it Spread & the Prevention
    Seasonal Allergy Medications
    How to Choose the Best Eczema-Friendly Moisturizer for Children?
    View all

    Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
    Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

    Most Popular on Medindia

    Color Blindness Calculator Drug - Food Interactions Find a Doctor Accident and Trauma Care Blood Pressure Calculator How to Reduce School Bag Weight - Simple Tips Find a Hospital Drug Interaction Checker Turmeric Powder - Health Benefits, Uses & Side Effects The Essence of Yoga

    Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

    © All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2022

    This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use