GlossaryCongenital: Refers to a disease or physical abnormality present from birth.
Cyanosis: Bluish discoloration of the skin mainly due to inadequate oxygenation of the blood.
Down syndrome: A congenital disorder which occurs due to chromosome defect, causing intellectual impairment and physical abnormalities including short stature and a broad facial profile.
Trisomy 13: Also called Patau syndrome is a genetic disorder in which a person has three copies of genetic material from chromosome 13, instead of the usual two copies.
Turner syndrome: Is a chromosomal condition that alters development in females. Women with this condition tend to be shorter than average and are usually unable to conceive a child because of an absence of ovarian function.
Dyspnea: Difficult or labored breathing.
Tachypnea: Abnormally rapid breathing.
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