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Current Treatments for Liver Cancer - Glossary

Last Updated on Jan 06, 2015
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Glossary

Liver: A large, glandular organ, located in the upper abdomen, that cleanses the blood and aids in digestion by secreting bile.

Liver cancer: A disease in which malignant (cancer) cells are found in the tissues of the liver.

Liver transplantation: Surgery to replace a disease liver with a healthy one from a donor.

Tumor: A pathological tissue growth, characterized by uncontrolled multiplication of cells.
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Cirrhosis: A type of chronic, progressive liver disease.

Biliary: Having to do with the liver, bile ducts, and/or gallbladder.

Hepatitis: An infection or inflammation of the liver.

Hepatitis B: A type of hepatitis that is carried and passed to others through the blood or sexual contact.

Hepatitis C: A form of hepatitis caused by the hepatitis C virus, which is transmitted through sexual contact or contact with infected blood or body fluids.

MRI: A painless method using magnetic fields for taking pictures of internal organs.

CT: This is a X- ray procedure enhanced by computer the results are three dimensioned scan through a body part showing bone and body tissue.

Chemotherapy: Treatment with anticancer drugs.

Hepatologists: A doctor who specializes in treating liver disease.

Oncologists: A doctor who specializes in treating cancer.

Radiologists: A doctor who specializes in the use of X-rays to diagnose and treat disease.

Pathologists: A doctor who identifies diseases by studying cells and tissues under a microscope.

Ultrasound: A diagnostic imaging technique that uses high-frequency sound waves and a computer to create images of blood vessels, tissues, and organs. Ultrasounds are used to view internal organs as they function, and to assess blood flow through various vessels.

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