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Congenital Hypothyroidism | Cretinism - Glossary

Last Updated on Aug 05, 2016
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Glossary

Congenital: Congenital is a term, which denotes Acquired by birth.

Hypothyroidism: Underactive thyroid activity.

Aplasia / agenesis: Absence of an organ due to failure of development.

Dysgenesis/hypoplasia: Defective or incomplete development.

Endocrine: A regulatory system comprised of the endocrine glands that controls vital body functions such as metabolic activity, growth, and reproduction.
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Hormone: A chemical substance produced in an organ, which, carried to an associated organ by the blood stream, influences its functional activity.

Antibody: It is a protein complex used by immune system to identify and neutralize foreign objects like bacteria and viruses.

Thyroid scan: An image obtained from the thyroid gland after oral administration of radioiodine or Technetium.

Ectopic: Located away from normal position.

Endemic: A disease that is constantly present to a greater or lesser degree in people of a certain class or in people living in a particular location.

T3 (liothyronine sodium), T4 (levothyroxine sodium): Thyroid hormones.

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