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Common Cold
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Common Cold

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Cold is an illness that is short in duration, usually less than two weeks, does not usually produce fever, except in children. It is most prevalent among children, and seem to be related to youngsters' relative lack of resistance to infection and to contacts with other children in schools. The common cold causes irritation and drainage in any or all of the airways including the nose, sinuses, throat, voice box, and often the bronchial tubes.

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It is a viral infection, caused by Rhino virus. Viruses are microscopic organisms which invade the mucus cells of the nose, to disrupt the normal function and then use the cells for viral reproduction. There are more than over 200 strains of viruses capable of causing cold. Each time a cold infection is caused by a different strain of rhino virus. Infection may be helpful by excessive fatigue, emotional stress and other factors that weaken the body's immune defenses.

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Once you get infected with a strain, your immune system develops anti-bodies to that particular strain. Bacteria that live in the nose and throat can gain a foothold and cause secondary infection such as ear infections, bacterial sinusitis and bacterial bronchitis. So a person gets infected only once in his/her lifetime by a particular strain of virus.

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Dr. M P Krishnan Nair
Dr. M P Krishnan Nair
MBBS, DPH
45 years experience
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Comments

Nurullah120

Great article i like it.

keir34

can a six yearold take a bath while he’s coughing?

Lilybeth_closa

All the more that you have to give bath to your 6 year old coughing child, a speedy warm bath is good enough to open skin pores, remember that the skn is the largest organ of the body, an excretory organ too. Warm bath would not only open skin pores but will also stimulate good blood circulation thus helps the condition of your coughing child because once you have good blood circulation, blood becomes active in transporting nutrients to & removing wastes from the cell. In alternative medicine particularly healing comes from inside going out, we have to clear the eliminative channels to rid off wastes because if the system is loaded with wastes it delays healing & or forms another illness by which the weak parts or organs becomes the first target..

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