Last Updated on Mar 10, 2016

Prevention

Calcium can significantly protect against colon polyps and cancers. Limiting alcohol consumption can reduce your risk of getting colon polyps.

Suggestions that may help lower the risk of developing colon polyps and colon cancer include:

Calcium can significantly protect against colon polyps and cancers. Take foods rich in calcium. For example skim or low-fat milk and other dairy products, and broccoli. Vitamin D also helps in reducing the risk of colorectal cancer. It boosts the absorption of calcium.

Take plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Foods rich in fiber may cut the risk of developing colon polyps. Fruits and vegetables also contain antioxidants that can prevent cancer. Lycopene, a nutrient found in tomatoes, strawberries and other red fruits and vegetablesis supposed to be a powerful anti-cancer chemical.

Fat intake should be careful. Avoid too much saturated fat as it increases your risks. Red meat, milk, cheese, ice cream, and coconut and palm oils are rich in saturated fat. Add healthy fats to diet. Omega-3 fatty acids found in fish, walnuts and olive oil are protective against cancer.

Limiting alcohol consumption can reduce your risk of getting colon polyps or colon cancer even if you have a family history of the ailments.

Stop smoking. Smoking is a significant risk factor independently and also in combination with alcohol.

Women past menopause should speak to their doctors about hormone therapy since it may reduce the risk of colorectal cancer.

Genetic Counselling is required for patients with a family history of polyps and cancer.

References:

  1. Cecil Medicine, 23rd Ed.
  2. The Merck Manual, 18th Ed.
  3. Mayo Clinic

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