What is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease?
COPD includes respiratory tract disorders which cause obstruction to airflow. These are:
- Emphysema: Emphysema is a condition where the lung sacs or alveoli lose their elasticity and are enlarged
- Chronic Bronchitis: Chronic bronchitis is a condition where the bronchi are inflamed, resulting in cough and phlegm (thick mucus secretion from the respiratory tract) production
- Small airway disease: Small airway disease is a condition where the small airways or bronchioles are narrowed
The patient is diagnosed using tests called pulmonary function tests. Other tests like measurement of blood gases, chest x-ray, CT scan and measurement of alpha-1 antitrypsin levels are also used in diagnosing COPD.
The patient is treated using drugs that widen the air passages like tiotropium and salmeterol, other drugs like corticosteroids and theophylline, and oxygen. Surgery including lung transplantation may be required in some cases. The patient should be strongly advised to quit smoking.
What is New in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)?
1. Measles during Childhood May Up COPD Risk in Middle-ageMeasles during early childhood can increase the risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in middle age. Measles also known as morbilli or rubeola or red measles, is a highly contagious viral disease caused by a virus belonging to paramyxovirus family. It causes upper respiratory symptoms, fever and rash.Read More..
Latest Publications and Research on Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary DiseaseThe effect of complex interventions on depression and anxiety in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: systematic review and meta-analysis. - Published by PubMed
Regulation of Cigarette Smoke (CS)-Induced Autophagy by Nrf2. - Published by PubMed
ß-Blocker Use an Incidence of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Exacerbations (May). - Published by PubMed
Genetic ancestry and the relationship of cigarette smoking to lung function and per cent emphysema in four race/ethnic groups: a cross-sectional study. - Published by PubMed
Detection of airflow limitation using the 11-q and pulmonary function tests. - Published by PubMed