Diagnosis of Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD)

1
Last Updated on Aug 01, 2018
Average
4.3
Rating : 12345
Rate This Article : 1 2 3 4 5
RSS Email Print This Page Comment bookmark
Font : A-A+

Diagnosis of Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD)

Dihydro rhodamine (DHR) test is perhaps the most accurate diagnostic test for Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD).

a. Nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) test - is the most widely-known test for chronic granulomatous disease. Normal white blood cells turn blue when NBT is added as they make special oxygen compounds that kills bacteria.

In CGD, as we already discussed in previous section, production of oxidants is scarce, hence the colour change does not occur. In short NBT is negative (no colour change) in CGD patients. It is a visual test and is prone to errors (subjective ones).

b. Dihydro rhodamine (DHR) Test - is perhaps the most accurate diagnostic test for chronic granulomatous disease. Though similar to NBT test, it is associated with fewer errors and is more reliable.

c. Genetic testing - is of great value in identifying genetic mutations, establishing genetic inheritance patterns. It also aids family counselling.

d. Assays of phagocyte oxidative metabolism - can be performed in equipped research laboratories.

e. Prenatal diagnosis: Chorionic villus sampling (placenta tissue is used for study) is technically preferred because of its fewer associated risks. In the absence of DNA detection techniques fetal blood can be sampled.

f. Biopsy of lesion - Histologic examination of the lesions reveal granulomas under the microscope (already explained)

Apart from these specific tests common laboratory investigations like complete blood count are also ordered for. Imaging studies such as chest radiography and CT imaging are useful when lungs, spleen or liver are involved.

References:

  1. Cecil Medicine, 23rd Ed.
  2. Seger RA. Modern management of chronic granulomatous disease. Br J Haematol. Feb 2008;140(3):255-66

Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.
Notify me when reply is posted
I agree to the terms and conditions

Very good article. We have an international support group for CGD. CGD Association c/o Mary Hurley cgda@socal.rr.com www.cgdassociation.org We do not have any CGD patients from India on our database. Please forward this information to your CGD patients as it would be good to link patients from India with other patients from India. Thanks, Mary Hurley

Recommended Reading

Show More Related Topics

Premium Membership Benefits

Health Topics A - Z

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Medindia Health Topics Search

Genetic Disorders

Medindia Newsletters

Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!

Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

Doctor Search

Stay Connected

  • Available on the Android Market
  • Available on the App Store