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Diagnosis of Chlamydia Trachomatis

Written by Dr. Vivekanand, MBBS | Medically Reviewed by Dr. Sunil Shroff, MBBS, MS, FRCS (UK), D. Urol (Lond) on Jul 28, 2021
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Diagnosis of Chlamydia Trachomatis

Chlamydia is easily confused with gonorrhoea because the symptoms of both the diseases are similar and they may sometimes occur together.

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  • Cell culture techniques are considered as the 'gold standard' among all the tests. But as they are expensive and need specialists to handle the tests, they are not so readily done.
  • In men the first sample of urine must be collected for testing or the early urethral swabs is taken.
  • In women the 'cervical swabs' are collected which usually has the best specimens of bacteria.
  • The samples are examined under a microscope.
  • Urine samples are not generally preferred in women as they are not too reliable.
  • There are several types of indirect diagnostic test done though none of them confirm diagnosis, which could include:
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  1. Direct fluorescent antibody
  2. Enzyme immunoassays
  3. Nucleic acid amplification.

References:

  1. Kumar & Clark - Clinical Medicine - (W.B.Saunders- 5th Edition)
  2. Oxford Handbook Of Clinical Medicine - (5th Edition)
  3. Online Publication Of NIAID is a component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), an agency of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

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Comments

meluna

is this disease transmitted only sexually AND ORALLY.wHAT IF THE PERSON HAD NOT MADE PHYSICAL OR ORAL RELATIONSHIP WITH ANYONE. THEN HOW COME THE PERSON HAS THIS DISEASE.

Jennifer

As one of the most common diseases out there in women I'm surprised it doesn't become something that we would be advised to test for yearly. I always do when I'm active (not all around town) but you know And I think others should do the same. If you look at how many people get the disease and the fact that there are often no symptoms you should be more afraid.

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