Written by Dr. Vivekanand, MBBS | 
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Sunil Shroff, MBBS, MS, FRCS (UK), D. Urol (Lond) on Aug 18, 2014

Complications of Chlamydia Trachomatis

The complications are few and are quite rare, but when they occur they usually are as follows:

1. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which is a serious infection of the reproductive organs in women.

  • PID can cause scarring of the fallopian tubes, which can block the tubes and prevent fertilization from taking place.
  • Many women become infertile because of PID.

2. Ectopic Pregnancy - Sometimes there will be scarring, which during pregnancy may interfere with the passage of the fertilized egg to the uterus from the fallopian tubes.

When this happens, the egg may attach itself to the fallopian tube. This condition is called as tubal or ectopic pregnancy.

  • This very serious condition results in a miscarriage and can cause death of the mother due to the rupture of the narrow tube and bleeding.

3. Infertility - Complications in men are rare and may sometimes cause sterility.

4. Urethritis & Strictures of urethra - Infection of the urine pipe called urethra lead to inflammation and itf untreated can lead to narrowing or blockage of the passage ( called stricture).

5. Epidydimitis in men is a complication due to the inflammation of epididymis (part of the testis), which are characterised by pain and swelling in the scrotal areas.

References:

  1. Kumar & Clark - Clinical Medicine - (W.B.Saunders- 5th Edition)
  2. Oxford Handbook Of Clinical Medicine - (5th Edition)
  3. Online Publication Of NIAID is a component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), an agency of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Comments

meluna Friday, July 30, 2010

is this disease transmitted only sexually AND ORALLY.wHAT IF THE PERSON HAD NOT MADE PHYSICAL OR ORAL RELATIONSHIP WITH ANYONE. THEN HOW COME THE PERSON HAS THIS DISEASE.

Jennifer Friday, May 29, 2009

As one of the most common diseases out there in women I'm surprised it doesn't become something that we would be advised to test for yearly. I always do when I'm active (not all around town) but you know And I think others should do the same. If you look at how many people get the disease and the fact that there are often no symptoms you should be more afraid.

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