About Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Characteristics of Cerebral Palsy

Last Updated on May 12, 2014
Font : A-A+

Characteristics of Cerebral Palsy

Impaired motor function in the child with cerebral palsy affects movements, gait and other daily activities in the individual.

Advertisement

An individual with cerebral palsy has impaired motor function. There are various ways of classifying the condition. The types of cerebral palsy can be based on severity level, topographical distribution (which part of the body is affected), motor function and muscle tone.

The classification of the condition based on motor function helps understand the characteristics and identify the areas of therapeutic intervention. Some of the types of motor function disorders in cerebral palsy are:

Spastic: The condition is characterized by increased muscle tone or “tightened” muscles. The muscles are contracted constantly and the limbs are rigid, stiff and do not relax or flex easily. Exaggerated reflexes and jerky and awkward movements are present. Not only the movements of hands and legs are affected, but also the vital processes of breathing and swallowing are abnormal as the muscles of the tongue, cheeks, pharynx and the larynx are also involved.

Cerebral Palsy Spastic

Almost 70% of individuals with cerebral palsy are spastic. The spasticity may also lead to painful joint deformities, scoliosis (abnormal sideward dislocation of the spine), hip dislocation and limb deformities.

Ataxic: Ataxic cerebral palsy is characterized by involuntary movements and low muscle tone. It affects the coordination of muscles and the movements. The involuntary movements can be fast, slow, repetitive or non-repetitive, or rhythmic. Voluntary effort to move can result in exaggerated movements.

The ability to maintain balance and posture is impaired affecting the gait, and control of eye movements and depth perception is impaired. Fine motor skills such as eye-hand coordination, as in writing are very difficult.

Advertisement

Non-spastic cerebral palsy, namely ataxic and athetoid types, have lower risk of joint and limb deformities, seizures or mental impairment. Since speech involves voluntary movements of muscles of the face, the person’s ability to speak may be impaired.

Ataxic cerebral palsy occurs in 5% of all types of cerebral palsy.

Athetoid: This type of cerebral palsy is characterized by involuntary movement, especially in hands, arms and legs. Slow, writhing movements (that can be rhythmic, repetitive and sinuous), jerky and shaky movements, abnormal sustained posture or impaired balance and coordination are all symptoms that can exist in an individual with cerebral palsy, either in combination or in isolation.

Cerebral Palsy Athetoid

References:

  1. Definition of Cerebral Palsy - (http://cerebralpalsy.org/about-cerebral-palsy/what-is-cerebral-palsy/)
  2. Types of Cerebral Palsy - (http://cerebralpalsy.org/about-cerebral-palsy/types/)
  3. Augmentative and alternative communication - (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augmentative_and_alternative_communication)

Citations   close

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Himabindu Venkatakrishnan. (2014, May 12). Characteristics of Cerebral Palsy. Medindia. Retrieved on May 26, 2022 from https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/characteristics-of-cerebral-palsy.htm.

  • MLA

    Himabindu Venkatakrishnan. "Characteristics of Cerebral Palsy". Medindia. May 26, 2022. <https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/characteristics-of-cerebral-palsy.htm>.

  • Chicago

    Himabindu Venkatakrishnan. "Characteristics of Cerebral Palsy". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/characteristics-of-cerebral-palsy.htm. (accessed May 26, 2022).

  • Harvard

    Himabindu Venkatakrishnan. 2021. Characteristics of Cerebral Palsy. Medindia, viewed May 26, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/characteristics-of-cerebral-palsy.htm.


Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Comments

Ananya12

Apart from medical treatment, what are all the non-medical treatments are used to treat the CP?

drraja

Is Cerebral palsy affects all age groups ? can any one help me on this ?

Gayathri777

Yes, Cerebral Palsy affects all age groups. But, it mostly affect childhoods.

Advertisement
Health Topics A - Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



    Advertisement
    What's New on Medindia
    Monkeypox Outbreak: What it is, How Does it Spread & the Prevention
    Seasonal Allergy Medications
    How to Choose the Best Eczema-Friendly Moisturizer for Children?
    View all
    Advertisement

    Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
    Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

    Most Popular on Medindia

    Daily Calorie Requirements Blood - Sugar Chart Sanatogen Find a Hospital Indian Medical Journals Drug Interaction Checker The Essence of Yoga Drug Side Effects Calculator Blood Pressure Calculator Iron Intake Calculator

    Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

    © All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2022

    This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use