Written by Avinash Ramani, M.S. (Biotechnology) , Aishwarya Radhakrishnan | 
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Lakshmi Venkataraman, MD on Aug 20, 2020

Cervical Cancer - Incidence

Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among women and is the primary cause of cancer-related deaths in developing countries.

Cervical cancer, in women, is the second most common cancer worldwide, next only to breast cancer. In India, cervical cancer is the most common woman-related cancer, followed by breast cancer.

Every year cervical cancer is diagnosed in about 500,000 women globally and is responsible for more than 280,000 deaths annually. There is a wide variation in the incidence of cervical cancer across the globe. In the west, early detection through regular screening has aided to significantly control the prevalence of this disease, thereby, lowering its incidence. In the last 50 years in the United States, the Pap smear tests have reduced the deaths related to cervical cancer by three-quarters. At one time cervical cancer was one of the most dreaded cancer and the leading causes of death in women in the US but now it is the eighth most common cancer there. 80% of the new cervical cancer cases occur in developing countries, like India, which reports approximately one fourth of the world's cases of cervical cancer each year.

There has been a regular campaign against cervical canal for 30 years in India, but this has had little impact on the morbidity and mortality from the disease, with India ranking fourth worldwide. The number of deaths due to cervical cancer is estimated to rise to 79,000 by the year 2010. The cancer mostly affects middle- aged women (between 40 and 55 years), especially those from the lower economic status who fail to carry out regular health check-ups due to financial inadequacy.

In urban areas, cancer of the cervix account for over 40% of cancers while in rural areas it accounts for 65% of cancers as per the information from the cancer registry in Barshi.

Eastern and South Africa, Central and South America and the Caribbeans too report very high incidence of cervical cancer.

Cervical Cancer Facts and Figures

  • Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among women and is the primary cause of cancer-related deaths in developing countries
  • Cervical cancer, in women, is the second most common cancer worldwide, next only to breast cancer. In India, cervical cancer is the most common woman-related cancer, followed by breast cancer.
  • Every year cervical cancer is diagnosed in about 500,000 women globally and is responsible for more than 280,000 deaths annually.
  • There is a wide variation in the incidence of cervical cancer across the globe. In the west, early detection through regular screening has aided to significantly control the prevalence of this disease, thereby, lowering its incidence.
  • In the last 50 years in the United States, the Pap smear tests have reduced the deaths related to cervical cancer by three-quarters. At one time cervical cancer was one of the most dreaded cancer and the leading causes of death in women in the US but now it is the eighth most common cancer there.
  • 80% of the new cervical cancer cases occur in developing countries, like India, which reports approximately one fourth of the world's cases of cervical cancer each year. The number of deaths due to cervical cancer is estimated to rise to 79,000 by the year 2010.
  • The cancer mostly affects middle-aged women (between 40 and 55 years), especially those from the lower economic status who fail to carry out regular health check-ups due to financial inadequacy.
  • In urban areas, cancer of the cervix account for over 40% of cancers while in rural areas it accounts for 65% of cancers as per the information from the cancer registry in Barshi.
  • Eastern and South Africa, Central and South America and the Caribbean too report very high incidence of cervical cancer.

There has been a regular campaign against cervical canal for 30 years in India, but this has had little impact on the morbidity and mortality from the disease, with India ranking fourth worldwide.

References:

  1. Cervical Cancer - (https://www.cancer.gov/types/cervical)

Comments

Judy06 Monday, May 5, 2014

What is the symtoms of having cervical cancer?

emran Tuesday, September 6, 2011

can penis penetrate into the cervix kind regards

indus Thursday, March 11, 2010

What is the incidence of ca cx in India in 2010? kindly support with references.

heer28 Friday, January 29, 2010

Cervirax is considered to be effective before any contact with semen, but if somebody is using coitus interruptus method of contraception is it of any use or not????

michael0156 Friday, May 22, 2009

The vaccines Gardasil and Cervarix won't reduce cancer incidence or deaths. They will divert hundreds of billions of health care dollars to the coffers of pharmaceutical companies.

HPV infections, advertised to be the cause of cervical cancer, are slow and handled by our immune systems in over 90% according to the CDC/FDA/American Cancer Society

Women who don't clear HPV infection have immune problems caused by nutritional deficiencies, toxic exposure, toxin ingestion or genetics.

If an immune system can't clear an HPV infection no vaccine can help. Vaccines are passive targets and can't fix an immune system unable to identify or destroy HPV

HPV is controlled by intracellular immune response. Vaccine stimulate the humoral, antibody, response. Antibodies fight bloodborne infections and will not appreciably affect the rate of cervical HPV infections and CANNOT combat an active HPV infection

This will be proved in 20 years when vaccines are shown to have failed

guest Saturday, September 19, 2009

You're correct in stating that the vaccines will not combat those already infected. However, they have been proven to prevent infection of the HPV strains 6,11,16, and 18. Women don't have to have an "immune problem" caused by toxins, etc. to not clear the infection.I suggest you check your facts before posting such erroneous statements.

guest Saturday, September 26, 2009

I made no errors. Over 90% of us clear all HPV infection without drugs doctors or vaccines [FDA], a properly functioning immune system doing it's job. Chronic infection is caused by an immune system problem as I described

Gardasil has NOT been proven to prevent HPV infection, except by conflicted Merck research

A humoral response cannot prevent HPV infection of epithelial tissue, but cell mediated response can. Vaccines to provoke a cell mediated response are being developed. Until then Merck will be defrauding its customers with your help

Gardasil is the largest medical fraud in history perpetrated by Merck, maker of Vioxx and Pargluva, their two previous medical frauds.

Less than 1% of women chronically infected with HPV develop cervical cancer. This is not a cause and effect relationship. Read the Markovics' (oncologists) opinion that HPV and cervical cancer are together merely by coincidence, due to HPV being common and cervical cancer being rare.

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