The bones in the neck begin to degenerate with aging. Disc degeneration (collapse, of the disc spaces and loss of disc space height) and bone spurs lead to cervical spondylosis. The disc space becomes narrow and gradually compresses the nerve. In advanced cases of cervical spondylosis, spinal cord is affected and may also lead to paralysis of the arm.
Neck pain and stiffness resulting in limitation of movement; and numbness or weakness in arms, hands, and fingers can be commonly seen in patients with cervical spondylosis.
A thorough physical examination, neck X-ray, MRI of the neck and EMG aid in the diagnosis.
Neck immobilization with soft collars, pain management with NSAIDs or muscle relaxants, cervical traction and physiotherapy prove to be efficacious in treating cervical spondylosis. However, surgery is advised in cases of severe pain and nerve root compression. Surgery for cervical spondylosis involves correction of the degenerative pathologic entities that compress a nerve root or the spinal cord.
Latest Publications and Research on Cervical SpondylosisLong-term clinical and radiological outcomes following anterior cervical discectomy and fusion by zero-profile anchored cage. - Published by PubMed
Development and validation of a MEDLINE search filter/hedge for degenerative cervical myelopathy. - Published by PubMed
Electromyography Stimulation Compared with Intraoperative O-Arm Imaging for Evaluating Pedicle Screw Breaches in Lumbar Spine Surgery: A Prospective Analysis of 1006 Screws in 164 Patients. - Published by PubMed
Safety of a novel modular cage for transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion - clinical cohort study in 20 patients with degenerative disc disease. - Published by PubMed
Effectiveness of percutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation for neck pain relief in patients with cervical spondylosis. - Published by PubMed