Causes of Ascites
Cirrhosis of the liver, cancer which has spread to the peritoneal cavity and tuberculosis are the most important and the commonest causes for ascites.
Common Causes of ascites are:
1. Cirrhosis of Liver.
The most common cause of ascites is cirrhosis of the liver. Cirrhosis most commonly occurs following chronic alcoholism. Other liver conditions like chronic hepatitis can also result in Ascites following liver damage.
2. Malignancy or cancer of the ovary, lymph nodes, breast, colon, stomach, liver and pancreas can cause fluid accumulation due to spread of the cancer to the peritoneum, the inner lining of the abdominal wall.
3. Tuberculosis can involve the peritoneal surface causing ascites.
1. Heart failure is a cause of ascites, which is relatively less common now due to advances in treatment of heart failure.
2. Pancreatic ascites may follow severe acute or chronic pancreatitis.
3. Nephrogenous ascites is seen due to fluid overload in patients undergoing haemodialysis. Many of these patients have liver disease too.
4. Infections like Chlamydia may rarely cause Ascites.
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