► Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: In this condition the heart muscles get thicker making it harder for blood to leave.
► Dilated Cardiomyopathy: Weakening and enlargement of the heart muscles prevent it from pumping blood efficiently.
► Restrictive Cardiomyopathy: This condition is associated with increased stiffness of the heart.
Symptoms include palpitation. difficulty with breathing (dyspnoea) and sometimes even Sudden death can occur, Complications like pulmonary oedema, arrhythmias and ascites can occur.
Sudden cardiac death is the most dreaded of the complications. International guidelines recommend that a risk stratification score can predict the outcome. These are the six risk factors to look for in a patient with Cardiomyopathy:
► Previous cardiac arrest or sustained ventricular tachycardia,
► Non-sustained ventricular tachycardia,
► Extreme left ventricular hypertrophy,
► Unexplained syncope,
► Abnormal blood pressure response,
► Family history of sudden death
Treatment and outlook of Cardiomyopathy depends on a number of factors like cause & type of Cardiomyopathy. Heart transplant is a treatment option for selected patients with hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM).
Latest Publications and Research on CardiomyopathyThe electrocardiogram and the phenotypic expression of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. - Published by PubMed
Disease modelling and drug discovery for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy using pluripotent stem cells: how far have we come? - Published by PubMed
Supraventricular tachycardias, conduction disease and cardiomyopathy in three families with the same rare variant in TNNI3K (p.Glu768Lys). - Published by PubMed
Myocardial Contraction Fraction by M-Mode Echocardiography is Superior to Ejection Fraction in Predicting Mortality in Transthyretin Amyloidosis. - Published by PubMed
Autoantibodies for Cardiac Channels and Sudden Cardiac Death and its Relationship to Autoimmune Disorders. - Published by PubMed