A Balanced Diet

Written by Dr. Shalini Aul, MBBS, DND | Article Reviewed by Dietitian julia samuel, M.Phil on Jul 18, 2018
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A Balanced Diet

A balanced diet is one that consists of essential macronutrients in the form of carbohydrates, proteins and fats, and essential micronutrients such as vitamins, minerals and trace components as well as adequate amount of water in the right proportion.

Carbohydrates provide 70 to 80 percent of energy for the body. They are present in high quantities in grains such as wheat, rice, corn, and other foods like potato or honey and form the base of the food pyramid. Fruits and vegetables provide essential minerals, vitamins and antioxidants besides trace minerals, and are present in the next rung of the food pyramid. Proteins and fat are required to build body tissue and cells, and is also a source of energy for most organisms. Proteins are present mainly in dairy foods, meat, fish, nuts and legumes, and beans. Fats, oils, and refined sweets should be taken sparingly and comprise the smallest part of the food pyramid.

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