First-Aid and Treatment of Burns
- Remove patient from source of burn.
- Remove smoldering or contaminated clothes.
- Apply cold running water over the burnt area.
- Cover the victim with clean dry cloth or cling-film.
- Elevate the patient.
Treatment of Burns
- Dressing with non-adherent paraffin gauze
- Medication in the form of cream
Full thickness wounds
Immediate excision and skin grafting give good results in the long run. Donor skin may be taken from, other unaffected areas, from a relative, from skin banks or from the skin of pigs which are normally compatible with human skin (xenograft).
- Relieve pain with intravenous pain relievers or local anaesthetic creams
- Fluid replacement into the body to compensate the fluid loss
- Therapy to combat infection that can occur in the burnt area
- Anti microbial therapy
- Nutritional support