Blood Donation - Precautions
It is advisable for blood donors to follow some guidelines before donating blood as the procedure might temporarily weaken them.
Some of the common guidelines to be followed before blood donation are as follows-
- Drink extra water and fluids.
- Avoid caffeinated beverages.
- Eat well to reduce the risk of reactions to donation. Eating foods high in iron is advisable. This is especially true for recently-menstruated women.
It is important to follow the advise of the local blood bank before blood donation. The guidelines may vary according to the blood banks and their requirements. Some countries require donors to fast before donation, because of specific screening methods.
- Donors who give blood voluntarily and for altruistic reasons have the lowest prevalence of HIV, hepatitis viruses and other blood-borne infections, as compared to people who donate for family members or in lieu of payment.
- WHO Fact sheet N°279, June 2008, Blood safety and donation