Last Updated on Dec 07, 2016

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Hypertension affects about a billion individuals worldwide. It is a silent killer. If undetected and untreated it silently damages the blood vessels, heart, brain, and kidneys. A person is said to have hypertension (i.e. high blood pressure) when his arterial blood pressure is elevated above the normal range expected in his age group. There are two terms that one needs to know: Systolic BP and Diastolic BP. When a doctor records your blood pressure as 120/80 mm Hg, it means that 120 mm Hg is the systolic blood pressure (BP) and 80 mm Hg is the diastolic BP.

Blood Pressure Tables - Benefits on your Health

Based on these two blood pressure values, you may belong to one of the following groups:

BP CLASSIFICATION SYSTOLIC BP (mm Hg) DIASTOLIC BP (mm Hg)
Normal <120 And <80
Pre Hypertensiive 120-139 Or 80-89
Stage 1 Hypertension 140-159 Or 90-99
Stage 2 Hypertension >=160 Or >=100

Arterial hypertension is the leading cause of death in the world and the most common cause for an outpatient visit to a physician. The higher your blood pressure, the greater is the chance of heart attack, heart failure, stroke, and kidney disease. Understanding the benefits of lowering blood pressure is thus important.

A common fallacy that most people have is that a healthy lifestyle is all that is required to control hypertension. Prescription medication is the cornerstone of an effective antihypertensive therapy. Lifestyle modification can only be an adjunct, but never an alternative. It is not possible to bring down blood pressure to optimum levels by lifestyle changes alone.

Clinical trials prove that antihypertensive therapy can bring significant reduction in the incidence of stroke (by up to 40%), myocardial infarction (by up to 25%) and heart failure (by 50%). Any regimen should include lifestyle modification.

The earlier guidelines recommended a trial of lifestyle modification alone for an unspecified time before a prescription of antihypertensive medication. But recent trials do not agree to this. A greater urgency is required in attaining rapid pharmacologic control of high blood pressure so as to lessen cardiovascular risk. This is because non pharmacologic reductions in blood pressure are often small and there is a high chance of recidivism.

References:

  1. The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC 7)
  2. Cecil Medicine, 23rd Ed.

Latest Publications and Research on Benefits of Blood Pressure Tablets on your Health

Comments

sant3317 Thursday, June 9, 2016

I have been using Lisinopril 5 mg for last twenty years [i am 68 now] with my blood pressure maintained within 140/90.I dont find any side effects either apart from I am feeling healthy and sexualy active even at this age.

kingshaka Wednesday, July 10, 2013

l am using atacand plus 16mg and Atenolo 50mg what are the side effects

suresh912 Sunday, April 7, 2013

This is very good side for all types of peoples. very very thnk.

drsuresh1 Wednesday, September 22, 2010

certainly it is TRUE.we need to b more careful regsrdind BP MEDICATIONS. YOGA EXERCISE PRANAYAM MEDITATION DIET have some value BUT cannot replace MEDICINES. ONE shoukd b cautious at 130/90 reading-starting antihypertensive medicines is really beneficial in slowing/stopping complications.

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