About Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Birth Defects - Glossary

Last Updated on Nov 21, 2016
Font : A-A+

Glossary

Congenital: Congenital is a term, which denotes Acquired by birth.

Chromosome: A structure in a cell nucleus that consists of genes. In humans, 23 pairs of chromosomes, each pair containing one chromosome from each parent, carry the entire genetic code.

Down syndrome: A disorder caused by the presence of an extra chromosome 21 and characterized by mental retardation and distinguishing physical features.

Neural tube: structure in early fetal life that develops into the brain, spinal cord, spinal nerves and spine.
Advertisement

Spina-bifida: In the spinal column through which the spinal cord may protrude.

Amniotic fluid: The fluid which, contained in the sac of membranes known as the amnion, surrounds the fetus and provides a shock absorber and a secondary vehicle for the exchange of body chemicals with the mother.

Fetus: Term for an unborn baby from the end of the 8th week after conception until birth

Alfa Feto Protein: A protein produced by fetal tissues and some types of cancers in adults. Usually undetectable in the blood of healthy non-pregnant adults.

Placenta: It is part of the fetus and supplies oxygen and nutrients to the growing baby.

Miscarriage: A miscarriage (spontaneous abortion) is the spontaneous loss of a fetus before the 20th week of pregnancy.

Congenital defects: Problems or conditions that are present at birth.

Citations   close

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Suchitra Chari. (2016, November 21). Birth Defects - Glossary. Medindia. Retrieved on May 27, 2022 from https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/birth-defects-glossary.htm.

  • MLA

    Suchitra Chari. "Birth Defects - Glossary". Medindia. May 27, 2022. <https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/birth-defects-glossary.htm>.

  • Chicago

    Suchitra Chari. "Birth Defects - Glossary". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/birth-defects-glossary.htm. (accessed May 27, 2022).

  • Harvard

    Suchitra Chari. 2021. Birth Defects - Glossary. Medindia, viewed May 27, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/birth-defects-glossary.htm.


Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Advertisement
Health Topics A - Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



    Drugs for Birth Defects
    Levocarnitine
    Pegvaliase-pqpz
    What's New on Medindia
    Monkeypox Outbreak: What it is, How Does it Spread & the Prevention
    Seasonal Allergy Medications
    How to Choose the Best Eczema-Friendly Moisturizer for Children?
    View all

    Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
    Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

    Most Popular on Medindia

    Color Blindness Calculator Calculate Ideal Weight for Infants Accident and Trauma Care How to Reduce School Bag Weight - Simple Tips Blood - Sugar Chart Daily Calorie Requirements Pregnancy Confirmation Calculator Find a Doctor Vent Forte (Theophylline) Blood Pressure Calculator

    Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

    © All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2022

    This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use
    open close
    ASK A DOCTOR ONLINE