Biliary Cirrhosis - Glossary

Last Updated on Feb 20, 2016
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Glossary

Autoimmune hepatitis: Inflammation of the liver caused when the patientís immune system fails to recognize the liver tissue as self and attacks it.

Bile: The digestive juice secreted by the liver, which helps in digestion of fat in food.

Bile ducts: Channels that transport bile from the liver to the intestine. A number of small bile ducts in the liver join and emerge from the liver as the right and left hepatic ducts. These in turn join to form the common hepatic duct, which joins the duct coming from the gall bladder to form the common bile duct. The common bile duct opens in the first part of the intestine.

Biopsy: Procedure wherein a small sample of tissue is obtained and later subjected to testing.

Gastroenterologist: A doctor specialized in the treatment of digestive tract disorders.

Hemochromatosis: A condition caused by excess iron in the body.

Hepatologist: A doctor specialized in the study of liver diseases.

Primary sclerosing cholangitis: A condition of unknown cause in which the bile ducts are inflamed and scarred.

Sicca Syndrome: Sicca syndrome, also known as Sjogrenís disease, is an autoimmune disorder where the patient suffers from dry mouth, dry eyes and enlargement of salivary glands.

Urinary Tract: The body system consisting of the kidneys, urinary bladder, ureters that carry urine from the kidney to the bladder, and the urethra through which urine is excreted from the body.

Wilsonís disease: A condition caused by excess copper in the body.

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