Glossary

Swelling: Abnormal inflammation that occurs in the body.

Orthopedics: Orthopedics is a branch of medicine, which is related to diagnosis and treatment of diseases of Musculo- skeletal system.

Trauma: An injury (as a wound) to living tissue caused by an extrinsic agent.

Arthritis: A disease marked by inflammation and pain in the joints

Physical therapist: A health professional trained in the use of treatments such as exercise and massage.

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild localized discomfort to agony. Pain has both physical and emotional components

Surgery: A procedure to remove or repair a part of the body or to find out whether disease is present.

X-rays: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-rays possess the properties of penetrating most substances (to varying extents), of acting on a photographic film or plate (permitting radiography), and of causing a fluorescent screen to give off light (permitting fluoroscopy). In low doses, X-rays are used for making images that help to diagnose disease, and in high doses to treat cancer. Formerly called a Roentgen ray.

MRI: A painless method using magnetic fields for taking pictures of internal organs.

Ultrasound: A diagnostic imaging technique which uses high-frequency sound waves and a computer to create images of blood vessels, tissues, and organs. Ultrasounds are used to view internal organs as they function, and to assess blood flow through various vessels.

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