Last Updated on Nov 28, 2019


Ligament: Ligament is a fibrous connective tissue, which attaches one bone to other at a joint.

Paraspinal muscles: It refers to muscles located next to the spine. They support the spine and are important for movement of the spine.

Tumor: A pathological tissue growth, characterized by uncontrolled multiplication of cells.

Neurologic testing: This is a diagnostic test conducted to assess motor and sensory functions such as hearing and speech, vision, co-ordination and balance, mental status, and changes in mood or behavior.

Chest wall: It represents the boundary of the thoracic cavity and provides rigid protection to the vital organs such as the heart and lungs.

Sensory-motor deficits: Represents problems in any sensory or motor senses such as loss of hearing, loss of sensation, improper gait, and paralysis of a limb or the entire body.

Thoracic disc herniation: A condition in which fibers from the intervertebral disc get damaged and protrude out from its normal space.

Spasm: A sudden, involuntary contraction of a muscle or a group of muscles.

Edema: Swelling caused by fluid retention in tissues.

Non-opioid analgesic: Pain medications for mild-to-moderate pain. E.g. ibuprofen, aspirin, Paracetamol

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