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Autoimmune Disorders - Types

Last Updated on Oct 27, 2018
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Types

Autoimmune disorders may affect a single organ or multiple organs.

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There are a number of autoimmune diseases in man. They could affect a particular tissue or organ, or multiple organs. People suffering from one autoimmune disease may be prone to suffering from some others as well. Some autoimmune disorders are listed below with the tissues involved:

Autoimmune disorders affecting multiple organs:

  • Systemic lupus erythematosus, Lupus erythematosus
  • Sjogren syndrome – Salivary and tear glands along with joints are affected
  • Goodpasture’s syndrome – lungs and kidney are affected
  • Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis
  • Behcet’s disease
  • Reiter’s syndrome
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Autoimmune disorders affecting muscle, joints, skin and connective tissue:

  • Rheumatoid arthritis, Reactive arthritis
  • Dermatomyositis – Skin and muscles are affected
  • Myasthenia gravis – Junction between nerve and muscle is affected
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Polymyalgia rheumatica
  • Ankylosing spondilytis
  • Lichen planus

Autoimmune disorders affecting blood vessels – Vasculitis:

  • Takayasu Arteritis
  • Temporal Arteritis
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Autoimmune disorders affecting endocrine glands:

  • Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Grave's disease – Thyroid is affected
  • Addison's disease – Adrenal gland is affected
  • Type I diabetes – Pancreas is affected

Autoimmune disorders affecting blood cells:

  • Pernicious anemia – Red blood cells are affected
  • Autoimmune hemolytic anemia
  • Autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura – Platelets are affected

Autoimmune disorders affecting the digestive tract:

  • Celiac disease
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Autoimmune hepatitis, primary biliary cirrhosis.

Reference:

  1. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine 17th edition

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Post a Comment

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Comments

DoctorK88

MedIndia, please remove the Nazi medical eponym "Reiter's syndrome" from this page. The correct term reactive arthritis is already used. The former term is not recommended for use and hasn't been for years. Please revise this immediately. Thanks!

june100

i have wegners granulomitosis i am on cemo and steroids please could you tell me if cannabis could help me,my sister as m.s and the doctor gives her nabulone tablets wich is from the cannabis plant and it works wonders with her pain is eases the pain a lot,my illness is much more sever pain than my sisters some days i cannot walk at all could i get nabulone for my pain please help

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