Last Updated on Dec 08, 2020

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Which doctor should I ideally see if I am suffering from albinism?

You should see an ophthalmologist and a dermatologist.

2. Are there any developmental problems associated with ocular albinism?

Usually there are no developmental problems associated with ocular albinism but in rare occasions when there is a chromosomal deletion within the gene it can result in deafness, developmental retardation, and mildly shortened stature.

3. Who is at risk of albinism?

Albinism is a hereditary disorder and hence the following people are at a higher risk of developing the disease:
  • Children of parents who have albinism.
  • Children of parents, who do not have albinism, but carry the altered genes that cause this disorder (carriers).
  • A positive family history for albinism.
  • Puerto Rican ancestry significantly increases the risk of Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome.

4. What are the chances that an individual is affected by albinism?

The albinism gene is recessive and hence does not cause albinism unless a person inherits two copies of the gene for albinism in other words if there is no gene that makes the normal pigment.

If a person has one gene for normal pigmentation and one gene for albinism, he or she will have enough genetic information to make normal pigment and will not suffer from the disease.

When both parents carry the gene and neither of them have albinism (carriers) then there is 25% chance that the baby will be born with albinism. This type of inheritance is called autosomal recessive inheritance. On the other hand two people with albinism will not automatically produce an albino child although the risks are several times higher. Therefore in conclusion researchers say that the disease is a mystery and more research has to be done in this area to completely understand it.

5. What is the prognosis of albinism?

Albinism does not usually affect the lifespan. However, the lifespan can be shortened in the Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome due to lung disease or bleeding problems. People with albinism may have to limit their activities because they cannot tolerate sun exposure.

Comments

whitechocolate Monday, October 23, 2017

i would like to clarify something. i am a Nigerian girl with albinism. i have a light complexioned skin and yellow-blonde hair. i do not regularly use sunscreen but i go out on a daily basis. the sun is hot but i hardly get sun burns. generally, the sun is not good for anyone. don't put this as if albinos would melt under the sun. i wear long sleeved clothes but many times, i love short sleeved clothes just to flaunt my smooth skin. albinism is not a disability or a kind of sickness that requires treatment. one has to carefully take care of oneself. i see albinism as a mere variation, not a genetic disorder. at least, i have the chance to be African and non African [in terms of complexion and hair colour] at the same time. many people do not have that privilege. i also see clearly, without glasses. i use shades when i am outdoors, but not always. my eyes are green, not blue

YuminReed Friday, December 14, 2018

It's great that you feel comfortable in your own skin and can find upsides to having albinism. However, scientifically, albinism is a genetic disorder. The normal human does not have albinism, and albinism is caused by a mutation in the genes where there is a lack of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes. Though the symptoms of albinos vary from person to person, it is a fact that albinos are more prone to sunburn due to their pale complexion, just like people with lighter skin are more prone to sunburn than darker skinned people. It is also a fact that the average person affected with albinism is more prone to eye issues due to the lack of pigment in their retinas. Again, it is not the case that all people with albinism have eye issues, but it is much more probable. Albinism is a genetic disorder, as it is a recessive mutation in the chromosomes. This article is correct, and albinos usually do require more treatment than someone who has more pigment in their hair, eyes and skin.

shah1 Tuesday, December 20, 2011

hi i m an allied health professional and doing my research on the visual outcome with different optical aids of albinos to enhance their activities of daily life so plz any of u if have informaation about albinism plz send it on my id

@Guest Sunday, July 27, 2014

hi
i have 2 kids having Albino
11 years old and 9
i live in Middle East and ready to travel anywhere if there,s a treatment to improve their vision and life, do u recommend me to do any test before having my 3rd baby, bcz i held this issue fearing that my 3rd baby could have the same prbl. thanks and waiting for reply

best regards
Moulham Shami
Syrotec- G.M

@Guest Friday, July 10, 2015

Hey doc,my son's father is hypo pigmented,he was born with it.I think my son is hyper pigmented,is this possible?Just asking because they are a little different but I heard it runs in families.

pink_y Sunday, December 4, 2011

Hi, I am an albinic girl. I am 29 years old. I am orried about if I marry a guy than shall I have a normal baby or an albenic. What are the risk factors. Please help

Jboyismyfriend Tuesday, February 28, 2012

Yeah, in Biology, I learned things such as Punnet Squares. If 2 capital A’s are in the genotype [AA], then they are not albino. If 2 lowercase a’s are in their genotype (aa), then they will be. If it is one of each (Aa), then they will not be albino, but they can pass it on to their kids. You have aa. Someone without albinism in their family at all is AA. If you marry that dude, your child will be Aa (they will not show albinism, but they can pass it on to their kids. If they marry someone with AA, the child will have a 50% chance of AA and a 50% chance of Aa ). If you marry someone with albinism in their family (Aa [actually, they could be AA also, but it is unlikely {it all depends on the parents}]) then your child will have a 50% chance aa (full albino) and a 50% chance Aa (pass it on to their children). Hope that helps. For more info, Google Punnet Squares.

reset Monday, April 23, 2012

male cant pass any symptoms because, they are XY and only the X holds the phenotype. female are XX so they can pass the phenotype. also male that has it cant hide it, because there is only 1 X. the X holds the genes so female may get XA Xa and that hide the phenotype because there is another X with lower case a.

YuminReed Friday, December 14, 2018

This only occurs if the disorder is X-linked. In this case, it is not. Albinism is recessive and he may have the gene for it, making his gene Aa.

Lexis83 Monday, December 10, 2012

YOUR KIDS WILL NOT BE BORN ALBINO, I HAVE 3 KIDS AND 1 ON THE WAY AND I AM ALBINO...MY KIDS FATHERS ARE AFRICAN AMERICAN AND MY KIDS ARE LIGHT SKINNED.

slinkey3 Tuesday, November 1, 2011

ok so im a freshmen and i wanted to know if albinism occures more in humans or animals

Alone Sunday, October 30, 2011

Can anyone tell me will my children have albinism if i marry a girl whose father have albinism?

awesome Sunday, November 13, 2011

you can go to genetic counceling to see if your children have a chance of having albinism. its all in genetics.

Jboyismyfriend Tuesday, February 28, 2012

Yeah, just see 2 comments up [pink_y]. Or, just read what I commented here: Yeah, in Biology, I learned things such as Punnet Squares. If 2 capital A’s are in the genotype (AA), then they are not albino. If 2 lowercase a’s are in their genotype (aa), then they will be. If it is one of each (Aa), then they will not be albino, but they can pass it on to their kids. You have aa. Someone without albinism in their family at all is AA. If you marry that dude, your child will be Aa (they will not show albinism, but they can pass it on to their kids. If they marry someone with AA, the child will have a 50% chance of AA and a 50% chance of Aa ). If you marry someone with albinism in their family (Aa [actually, they could be AA also, but it is unlikely {it all depends on the parents}]) then your child will have a 50% chance aa (full albino) and a 50% chance Aa (pass it on to their children). Hope that helps. For more info, Google Punnet Squares.

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