About Careers MedBlog Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

About - AIDS Related Cancer - Kaposi’s sarcoma – Lymphoma

Last Updated on Jan 28, 2016
Font : A-A+

What is AIDS Related Cancer?

People presenting with Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) have increased risk for cancers.

Advertisement

Kaposi’s sarcoma, non- Hodgkin’s lymphoma and cancer of the cervix should be suspected when they present with lesions that do not resolve. These patients have lowered immunity; hence viruses that cause cancer grow easily in them. The presence of the above mentioned three cancers in HIV patients indicates that they have progressed to a more serious stage of the disease. These cancers are termed as "AIDS defining malignancies." Hodgkin disease, multiple myeloma, and cancers of the lung, skin and digestive system are also often seen in HIV patients, but their presence does not indicate that the person is suffering from AIDS. They are termed as "non-AIDS defining malignancies."

In India there is a different spectrum of HIV associated malignancies. Kaposi’s sarcoma is relatively rare whereas cervical cancer incidence is higher.

Treatment of cancers is more difficult in HIV patients since they have lower immunity and tend to suffer more side effects of medications. With newer combination of drugs being used to treat HIV patients, the incidence of Kaposi’s sarcoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma has come down. However, with the increase in life span, the non-AIDS defining malignancies are on the rise and should be watched for.

  1. Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine 17th edition.
  2. Non–AIDS-Defining Malignancies in HIV. Top HIV Med. 2008;16(4):117-121.
  3. Cheung MC, Pantanowitz L, Dezube BJ. AIDS-Related Malignancies: Emerging Challenges in the Era of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy. The Oncologist 2005;10:412–426.
  4. Sullivan RJ, Pantanowitz L, Casper C, Stebbing J, and Dezube BJ. Epidemiology, pathophysiology and treatment of Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus disease: Kaposi sarcoma, primary effusion lymphoma, and multicentric Castleman disease. Clin Infect Dis. 2008 November 1; 47(9): 1209–1215.
  5. Pantanowitz L, and Dezube BJ. Evolving Spectrum and Incidence of Non-AIDS-Defining Malignancies. Curr Opin HIV AIDS. 2009 January ; 4(1): 27–34.
  6. Engels EA. Non-AIDS-defining malignancies in HIV-infected persons: etiologic puzzles, epidemiologic perils, prevention opportunities. AIDS. 2009 May 15; 23(8): 875–885.

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Dr. Simi Paknikar. (2016, January 28). AIDS/HIV Related Cancer - Kaposi's sarcoma Lymphomahoma. Medindia. Retrieved on Dec 02, 2022 from https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/aids-hiv-cancer.htm.

  • MLA

    Dr. Simi Paknikar. "AIDS/HIV Related Cancer - Kaposi's sarcoma Lymphomahoma". Medindia. Dec 02, 2022. <https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/aids-hiv-cancer.htm>.

  • Chicago

    Dr. Simi Paknikar. "AIDS/HIV Related Cancer - Kaposi's sarcoma Lymphomahoma". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/aids-hiv-cancer.htm. (accessed Dec 02, 2022).

  • Harvard

    Dr. Simi Paknikar. 2021. AIDS/HIV Related Cancer - Kaposi's sarcoma Lymphomahoma. Medindia, viewed Dec 02, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/aids-hiv-cancer.htm.

Latest Publications and Research on AIDS-HIV-Cancer


Do you wish to consult an Epidemiologist for your problem? Ask your question

Dr. Seema Sylvia Dsouza
Dr. Seema Sylvia  Dsouza
MBBS, MPH, Diploma in Pediatrics
15 years experience
Dr. Vikas Jaiswal
Dr. Vikas Jaiswal
MBBS
6 years experience
Dr. Gaikwad Amol Eknath
Dr. Gaikwad Amol  Eknath
MBBS, MD
16 years experience
Dr. Manoj Varma
Dr. Manoj Varma
MBBS, MD
20 years experience
K.b.bhabha Hospital,Kurla-West,Mumbai-400070, Kalyan West, Kalyan
View All

Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Advertisement
Recommended Reading
Advertisement
Health Topics A - Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



    Advertisement
    What's New on Medindia
    Diet and Oral Health: The Sugary Connection May Become Sour
    World AIDS Day 2022 - Equalize!
    Test Your Knowledge on Sugar Intake and Oral Health
    View all

    Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
    Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

    Most Popular on Medindia

    Sinopril (2mg) (Lacidipine) Blood Pressure Calculator Drug - Food Interactions Find a Hospital Find a Doctor Calculate Ideal Weight for Infants Diaphragmatic Hernia Drug Interaction Checker Sanatogen Iron Intake Calculator
    This site uses cookies to deliver our services.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use  Ok, Got it. Close