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Acute Myeloid Leukemia - Prognosis

Last Updated on Jun 22, 2020
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AML - Prognosis

Acute Myeloid Leukemia can be controlled and sometimes cured. Its prognosis depends on a variety of factors that is patient-specific.

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AML can be kept in remission for a long period of time or even cured in some adults. Depending on certain factors such as, the characteristics of the leukemia cells. Some patients have a better prognosis in comparison to others.

  • Adults below 65 years 5-year survival rate - about 33%
  • Adults above 65 years - 4% only
  • Many people who live much longer than the average 5 years

The prognosis of a patient depends on the following factors:

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  • Patientís age and race - Younger patients and Caucasians have a good prognosis, while patients older than 60 years and patients of African- American descent have a poor prognosis
  • Subtype of AML - M3 has good prognosis while the M7 type has poor prognosis
  • Patientís response to therapy
  • AML that follows myelodysplastic syndrome or myeloproliferative diseases has a poor prognosis
  • Elevated lactate dehydrogenase levels has a poor prognosis
  • Cytogenetics plays an important role in predicting the progress of an AML patient as represented in the table below:
Chromosomal Aberration

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Comments

PurushNaidu

my friend surfing with acute myeloblastic leukemia with maturation. Now he going on chemotherapy. He is on my 2nd session[0, 1 ,2]. Still two more session as per the doctor. Also Doctor's told good progress. I want to know what type of food will add more value to get more immunity. Please give some suggestion on food from nature.

epikia

Hi.. i am 23 years old diagnose with AML last October 2012 and currently receiving chemotherapy. i am on my 2nd session and my doctor said i will have another session this december. id like to know when they say 5 years survival does that mean i only have 5years left eventhough i take my chemotherapy?

Vikram_Muddya

No, that only means that they certify that your cancer is cured only after 5 years, till then they monitor and see that it doesn't relapse by then.

mehul23

78 years aged mother suffering from lukemia pls tell me about the effective medicine and tell me about the chancec or not for recovery.. and which medicine are good for the acute lukemia pls write some medicines name for the recovery for the patitent

chitralekha.ch

plz take your mother to cancer hospital.the medicine is depends up on the type of leukemia.

Ravikohli

I have Acute Leukemia[AML] cancer to my sister. Her age is 25 years. In recent test reports Blast are about 80%. Can you please tell me how i can proceed to cure my sister.

Nimat

Hello.i just read about AML and i am satisfied with the information providede. Though i have one small enquiry; Anthracycline has been listed as one of the drugs given during Chemotherapy that may cause AML in the future and yet it has been listed as a drug for treating AML. Doess it mean that you are at risk of contracting AML again? I will apprecite your assistance on this qustion..

simipaknikar

Anthracyclines have been found to produce AML in patients who underwent treatment for breast cancer and Hodgkin's lymphoma, especially when used with other anticancer drugs and in high doses. Currently anthracyclines are very effective in AML, and the risk of them causing AML are small, hence they are used in AML.

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