What is Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis is one of the commonest joint disorders and occurs as we age due to wear and tear of a joint.
In osteoarthritis, the cartilage in the joints is broken down. Healthy cartilage absorbs the shock of movement and prevents friction between bones; when this cartilage is lost, the bones rub together during movement. Over a period of time, this rubbing can permanently damage the joint.
Osteoarthritis can affect any joint of the body but it usually affects the weight-bearing joints i.e. hips and knees. Non-weight bearing joints like the shoulder, elbow, finger and ankle are less commonly affected by osteoarthritis.
Although osteoarthritis is more common in the elderly, it can also be seen in young people due to an abnormal wear and tear in joint structures following fracture, repeated dislocation of the joint, infections, obesity or hyperthyroidism.
Osteoarthritis causes pain, swelling and reduced motion in the affected joints.
Osteoarthritis cannot be cured. However, the pain can be managed and the joint function can be improved with the help of painkiller medicines, exercise, weight control, alternative therapies and surgery.
What is New in Osteoarthritis?
1. New Non Surgical Method can Treat Knee Pain Resulting From OsteoarthritisGeniculate artery embolization (GAE), a minimally invasive non-surgical treatment may help improve the quality of life of people with osteoarthritis. This can be done by reducing knee pain associated with osteoarthritis. Interventional radiologists perform GAE for knee pain by inserting catheters through a pinhole-sized incision, blocking the very small arteries or capillaries within the lining of the knee, reducing the inflammation caused by osteoarthritis.Read More..
2. Naproxen Emerges a Winner In Relieving Osteoarthritis PainNaproxen Drug, still a better pain reliever than other non surgical pain reducing options for osteoarthritis knee, finds a new study. It was ranked the most effective individual knee osteoarthritis treatment for improving both pain and function followed by cortisone injections, PRP Injections, ibuprofen and celecoxib.Read More..
Latest Publications and Research on OsteoarthritisEarly improvement in physical activity and function after total hip arthroplasty: Predictors of outcomes. - Published by PubMed
Protocol for a multicentre randomised controlled trial to investigate the effect on asthma-related quality of life from breathing retraining in patients with incomplete asthma control attending specialist care in Denmark. - Published by PubMed
Better before-better after: efficacy of prehabilitation for older patients with osteoarthritis awaiting total hip replacement-a study protocol for a randomised controlled trial in South-Eastern Norway. - Published by PubMed
Effects of Resistance Exercise on Glycated Hemoglobin and Functional Performance in Older Patients with Comorbid Diabetes Mellitus and Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Trial. - Published by PubMed
Diagnosis can predict opioid usage and dependence in reverse shoulder arthroplasty. - Published by PubMed