Neonatal Jaundice - Incidence

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Dr. Reeja Tharu
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Ramya Ananthakrishnan, MD on Dec 03, 2019
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Neonatal Jaundice - Incidence

Neonatal Jaundice is very common among newborns, with the incidence being higher in breast- fed babies than in formula-fed ones.

Signs of Neonatal Jaundice are seen within the first three days of birth in 80% of preterm babies and 60% of full-term infants. The Journal of Pediatrics reports a retrospective study, which observed that the incidence of Jaundice is higher in breast- fed babies than in the formula- fed ones.

Asian male babies and Native American ones are reported to be most affected by Neonatal Jaundice. They are followed by Caucasian infants who in turn are followed by African Neonates.

Babies who are either small or large for gestational age are at an increased risk of developing Neonatal Jaundice. Large for gestational age babies are seen in mothers with Diabetes.

Reference:

  1. Mather, Cotton. The Angel of Bethesda. 1724 [Reprinted in Jones GW (ed). Barre, MA: American Antiquarian Society and Barre Publishers; 1972, p. 191.

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To prevent newborns from jaundice..keep your baby well hydrated with breast milk..and Frequent feedings [up to 12 times a day] encourage frequent bowel movements, which help remove bilirubin through the stools....

mehak464

sir my baby billuribin ranges from 20-30 os this range is dangerous we also using phototherophy what u suggest.

avdhut85

sir my baby's billrubin is 17 for how many days phototherapy shud be don

neonatal jaundice measurement by new technology using radiation
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R.ARUNKUMAR (ECE)

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prevalence of kernicterus among Libyan full term healthy babies Discussion The results demonstrated that hyperbilirubinemia in full term otherwise healthy infants can lead to severe encephalopathy ,and what remain controversial is the bilirubin level that results in such injury, it is still undetermined whether a continuous linear relationship or a threshold level exists for bilirubin toxicity,we have noticed that all babies with serum bilirubin >40 mg developed Kernicterus ,and those with serum bilirubin ranges between 20-25mg had no kernicterus,and those with serum bilirubin ranges 25-35mg some developed Kernicterus and others had no adverse effect till now, although intellectual out come need years of follow up to declared that they are normal. we have seen that 34 babies out of 70 who received ET developed Kernicterus either because they seek medical advice late or their serum bilirubin was too high ,the other 8 babies who was not treated with ET, 5 of them developed Kernicterus on follow up . The prevalence of kernicterus among our babies was 15%,we tried to compare with worldwide prevalence.

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