Written by Dr. Varshini Jayaraman,  Ph.D. | 

Medically Reviewed by Dr. Ramya Ananthakrishnan, MD on Apr 30, 2016

Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

It is the most common and most serious form of muscular dystrophy. The condition is named after the French neurologist Guillaume Benjamin Amand Duchenne, who first described the disease in 1868. This form of muscular dystrophy occurs only in males. Approximately 1 in 3,500 to 4000 males develop this condition. The disease is prevalent in approximately 63 people per million, worldwide.

Cause

It occurs due to a defect in the gene that is responsible for production of dystrophin, a protein that helps in maintaining the strength and integrity of muscles. It is disease linked to the X chromosome, in which defective genes are passed from mothers who carry the defective gene. Therefore, father to son-transmission of the disease is not seen. Although mothers who transmit the gene are mostly unaffected, their father, brothers or uncles may be affected.

References:

  1. Basic Human Genetics - Elaine Johansen Mange & Arthur P. Mange
  2. Medical Genetics - Lynn B. Jorde, John C. Carey, Raymond L. White
  3. Muscular Dystrophy - (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/musculardystrophy.html)
  4. Muscular Dystrophy Information Page - (http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/md/md.htm)

Comments

venkatakula Friday, December 5, 2014

Hello All, My son is also suffering with DMD.he is 4 years old,i am from hyderabad, Does anyone get a proper guidance to fight against this diseases. If someone seriously got something please share with everybody. It will be a very good help to all those parents and patients who suffers lot

machu73 Tuesday, February 19, 2013

i would like mto be recieving videos on surgery,i am studying to be to be a surgeon.

anujverma Monday, December 31, 2012

HELLO SIR MY NAME ANUJ .I AM 21 YEAR ONLY.. ME ALSO SUFFER IS PROBLEM 13 YEAR AND ME ALSO TAKE VITIMIONS AND EXCRSCIZE REGULERLLY BUT NO IMTRVEMENT PLZ HELP ME.. AND GIVE ME REPLY ..MY CONTACT NUMBER .8090875430

anujverma Monday, December 31, 2012

helloo sir plz hel

Shiv.kumar Saturday, December 8, 2012

I have a hope for MD. May slow down the progression of MD and even stop the progression after 10-12 months. contact- 09416185485. many patients treated locally and posting this after 1 year of slowing down the 80% progression in them. Wishing a long and healthy life HAPPY FACES PRODUCE SMILES

anujverma Monday, December 31, 2012

hello shiv mai anuj hu mujhko bhi yai problam hai plz kya tum thodi help kr skte ho plz dear plz call me 8090875430 plz ..

@Guest Thursday, March 6, 2014

ALSI SEED COTAIN OMEGA -3 IT IS READY AVAILABLE IN MARKET

View More Comments

Most Popular on Medindia