Pathology and Clinical Features of Mastitis

d) Infectious mastitis:

  • Due to stasis of Milk in breasts, ineffective removal of milk leads to accumulation of milk in breasts, which provides a favorable environment for the growth of pathogenic microorganisms.
  • Symptoms are fever and malaise; the breast becomes red, painful, swollen and hard.
  • Milk culture test is done to identify the causative bacteria for infectious mastitis 
  • Antibiotic sensitivity test is done to identify which antibiotic can be used for treatment of infectious mastitis.

Recurrent (Re-infection) Mastitis may be due to delayed or inadequate treatment of the initial condition or uncorrected poor breastfeeding technique.

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