Human Growth Hormone (HGH) - Functions
The growth hormone, not so talked about until recently, performs a plethora of functions.
- As the name implies, it is essential for growth. Without growth, no individual can ever cross the infant stage. It has a hand in everything from the proliferation of cells to the more complex metabolic reactions.
- It causes the actual increase in the size and number of cells by increasing mitotic division. It also causes specific differentiation of certain types of cells like bones and muscles. In fact, its malfunction is manifested in the form of gigantism and dwarfism when it is secreted in excess or when it is less respectively.
- The growth hormone is also active in the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and fats. To say the least, it is an integral part of the system which maintains the proper growth pattern of the body. Protein metabolism: HGH causes increased amino acid uptake, increased protein synthesis and decreased oxidation of proteins.
- Fat metabolism: HGH enhances the utilization of fat -- gives your body the ability to break down fat cells more efficiently.
- Carbohydrate metabolism: HGH is one of several hormones that maintain blood sugar within a normal range.