What is Endometrial Cancer?
Cancer of the endometrium involves the inner lining of the womb (uterus) called endometrium.
Another condition with a similar name, called endometriosis, is a benign condition which occurs due to implantation of the endometrial tissue (stroma and glands) onto another location, like the outside of the uterus or lining of the pelvis, during menstruation.
The condition is most common after the age of 60 years. This cancer accounts for about 6 percent of all cancers in women.
Research shows that some women are more at risk of developing the cancer than others. The condition presents as vaginal bleeding. Any post-menopausal woman, who experiences vaginal bleed should not ignore it. She should immediately seek an appointment with her gynecologist. Sometimes, it is first noticed as vaginal spotting after sexual intercourse.
Surgery is the main cornerstone for the treatment of the endometrial cancer. The prognosis of the disease if diagnosed early is extremely good with a five-year survival of over 80%.
The benign leiomyoma is also called a fibroid tumor. The fibroids are common and usually require no treatment.
References:1. Lancet. 2005 Aug 6-12;366(9484):491-505.
Endometrial cancer.Amant F, Moerman P, Neven P, Timmerman D, Van Limbergen E, Vergote I.
Latest Publications and Research on Endometrial CancerExpression of miR-106 in endometrial carcinoma RL95-2 cells and effect on proliferation and invasion of cancer cells. - Published by PubMed
Influence of YKL-40 gene RNA interference on the biological behaviors of endometrial cancer HEC-1A cells. - Published by PubMed
Tumor-Associated T-Lymphocytes and Macrophages are Decreased in Endometrioid Endometrial Carcinoma with MELF-Pattern Stromal Changes. - Published by PubMed
Role of lymphadenectomy in disease-free and overall survival on low risk endometrium cancer patients. - Published by PubMed
Diagnostic performance of CA 125, HE4, and risk of Ovarian Malignancy Algorithm for ovarian cancer. - Published by PubMed