Written by Dr. Vivekanand, MBBS | 
Medically Reviewed by dr. reeja tharu, M.Phil.,Ph.D on Jul 15, 2019

Psychoactive Substances

Psychoactive drugsaffect the central nervous system and act by altering a person's feelings, thoughts and behavior.

The reasons for the abusive usage of substances may vary from person to person. Some common features of these substances are:

  • All drugs of abuse act by altering feelings, thoughts, and behavior.
  • They act by directly affecting the brain or the central nervous system (CNS).
  • The common substances that tend to be abused are-
    • Alcohol.
    • Psychoactive Substances: Alcohol
    • Cannabinoids (Cannabis, Marihuana).
    • Stimulants (Cocaine, Amphetamine, Caffeine, Nicotine).
    • Psychoactive Substances: Cocaine
    • Depressants / Sedatives/ Hypnotics / Tranquillizers (Barbiturates, Benzodiazepine).
    • Narcotics (Heroin, Opium).
    • Hallucinogens / Acids (LSD, Phencyclidine).
    • Inhalants (Volatile solvents, Dissociative anesthetics).
    • Steroids (Anabolic).
  • Currently there are certain drugs, called Club drugs, that are designed in the labs and sold in the streets, and are the synthetic forms of the existing drugs, often referred to as 'RAVES' by the younger crowds. These include-
    • MDMA/Ecstasy.
    • Marihuana
    • Cocaine
    • PCP

Comments

Ayandiran Tuesday, July 31, 2012

The information is good,simple and direct to the points,highly educative.but what are date of publication,especially reference purpose

Ovadje Friday, October 14, 2011

THE EFFECTS ON THE SOCIETY Drugs and alcohol can cause effects on the society like:- illness… As a result of all these abuse of drugs in our planet earth today, there are so many economical problems as it can lead to mental illness like psychoses or neurological illnesses. From Engr. Spark Victory Ovadje 2347060834856

bety5 Monday, November 22, 2010

what about the social causes eg peer pressure

mag823 Sunday, August 9, 2009

my daughter is intreatment as of this letter.she is a drug abuser of all drugs and she told me that she was born with an addicted personality.dont't we all have some kind of addiction be it coffee,video games etc?my probelm understanding this comment from her is that she used the drugs time and again,but had she never did these drugs,she would not have this addiction?

guest Saturday, June 7, 2008

Hi, Drug rehab centers facility can be defined as unrestrained substance intake. It is uncontrolled substance consumption over a long period of time. Drug rehab centers facility may result in withdrawal tendencies and can lead to various mental as well as physical problems. It also places the drinker at risk of accidents, arrests, poor job performance or other social problems. It can create kidney and liver damage and high blood pressure and even heart disease. It can also bring about depression and in some cases lead to death. Studies indicate that over 100,000 people die in the United States per year of substance-related causes. The craving that a substance abuser feels for substance can be as strong as the need for food or water. A substance abuser normally continues to drink despite serious family, health, or legal problems that he / she is facing. Substance addicts normally show few early signs and symptoms of substance abuse. ========= julie Problem With Drugs or Alcohol? This Drug Rehab has Helped Thousands of Individuals to Recover. Drug Rehab

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