Written by Inara Hasanali, M.A.  | 
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Sunil Shroff, MBBS, MS, FRCS (UK), D. Urol (Lond) on Oct 15, 2020

Diet, Lifestyle and Heart Disease - Cholesterol

Cholesterol is a naturally occurring waxing fatty substance, which is required for many essential functions including the production of hormones, Vitamin D and bile. It is synthesized in the body and is also obtained from dietary sources. Cholesterol is present in foods of animal origin and a diet rich in such food increases the amount of cholesterol present in the body and is one of the main factors affecting atherosclerosis (fat deposits narrowing the flow of oxygen in the arteries).

Cholesterol is insoluble in blood and hence is transported with lipoproteins. There are two types of cholesterol-

  • The “good” cholesterol, which is called High Density Lipoprotein (HDL).
  • The “bad” cholesterol, which is called Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL).

It is important to know the levels of good and bad types and the difference between them. Too much of one type or too little of the other type can put you at risk for coronary heart disease, heart attack or stroke.

Total Blood or Serum Cholesterol Level Risk Factor
Below 200 mg/dL Desirable
200-239 mg/dL Borderline-High Risk
240mg/dL and over High Risk
LDL Cholesterol Levels Risk Factor
Less than 100 mg/dL Optimal
100-129 mg/dL/dL Near Optimal/Above Optimal
130-159 mg/dL Borderline High
160-189 mg/dL High
190 mg/dL and above Very High
Gender HDL Level Risk Factor
Men <40mg/dL High Risk
40–50mg/dL Desirable
60mg Some protection from coronary heart disease
Women < 50mg/dL High Risk
50-60mg/dL Desirable
60mg/dL Some protection from coronary heart disease


  1. Coronary Artery Disease In Asian Indians - An Update And Review


naive Tuesday, June 19, 2012

hi i just wanted to know what all foods and drinks can aggravate an enlarged heart !!

hollysewa Friday, January 20, 2012

Hi there? Am called ssewanyana Augustine i just want the doctors to tell me does wine help in maintaining heart disease? What I mean taking it moderately not taking too much that can relieve people with heart diseases how far is it true?

ayodele Tuesday, August 16, 2011

to me i have alot to say about this major topic. to be sincere heart disease ocure as a result of incovinent lifestyle and lack of normal diet. apart from hereditry factors, if an average human can take normal diet and have an excercise when necesary and normal job, the rate of death by heart disease will reduced. the major causes of heart disease in some cases is poverty. hope you all know what i mean by poverty. state of an unwealthy condition. no money to maintain normal life style, when there is little illness, there will be financial problem to cure it, which may lead to any heart disease.my name ayodele albert. thanks

Foram Thursday, July 14, 2011

Hi I am 31 yrs old woman and recently came to know that I am suffering from dilated cardiomyopathy. Can anyone guide me the do's and dont's for patients like me. Also I m a working woman. My job does'nt demand any physical stress. Will I be able to leave a normal healthy life?

dd2010 Friday, October 1, 2010

thank u for the heart problem life style,am 29 have a swollen heart after giving birth,having difficulties in breathing,am on frusemite ,digoxin ,am always having gastric fluids white like froth coming out,please help

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