Written by Padma Sundareson | 
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Sunil Shroff, MBBS, MS, FRCS (UK), D. Urol (Lond) on Aug 27, 2014

Current Research

  • Artificial blood vessels are developed as an alternate source of grafts by using tissue engineering.
  • During closure of the chest or legs after surgery, surgical clips have been tried to staple skin instead of sutures. Research shows the outcome of wound is better with subcuticular sutures compared to clips and is also cost effective.
  • First heart surgery using robots were performed in 2001 to repair a mitral valve. Robotic surgery Institute is researching new treatment options for patients with coronary artery disease. In robotic surgery a surgeon operates the robot for more precise cuts and vessel anastomosis.
  • Studies show that restricting blood supply to the arm prior to surgery reduces the release of a chemical called ‘Troponin T’ giving a better outcome.
  • In April 2007, an infant underwent bypass surgery on a beating heart in India. He was born with a heart condition (severe narrowing of the left main coronary artery), which gave him a massive heart attack when he was just a year old. With his heart function very low, he was showing symptoms of heart failure. His heart muscles were not dead and the doctors decided to try and resupply the muscle instead of waiting for a heart transplant. The 3-hour procedure on this 15 month old was a success.
  • Studies are being undertaken to prevent and cure restenosis of the coronary arteries.
  • Transmyocardial revascularization using excimer laser can be an alternative to CABG or Angioplasty in patients with severe coronary artery disease. This method currently uses CO2 laser creating pathways from ventricles to myocardium that needs blood supply. Using excimer laser can be of advantage because studies show that it can cause less stroke/air emboli, increase the term of channel potency and decreases scarring and faster healing.

References:

  1. Evaluation of indications for PTCA - (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=9081904&dopt=AbstractPlus)
  2. Cardiothoracic & Vascular surgery in IndiaAchievements & future goals - (http://medind.nic.in/ibq/t05/i2/ibqt05i2p133.pdf)
  3. Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (CABG) - (http://www.medicinenet.com/coronary_artery_bypass_graft/page4.htm)
  4. Infant undergoes beating heart surgery - (http://www.dnaindia.com/report.asp?NewsID=1093376)
  5. Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery - (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/coronaryarterybypasssurgery.html#cat57)
  6. Clips versus suture technique: is there a difference? - (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=11109037&dopt=AbstractPlus)

Comments

santosa Saturday, October 8, 2011

what is the dental management of patient with history of CABG ??

Urmil44 Wednesday, April 13, 2011

my child had a blockage in his volve by birth. his balooning has been done since he was at the age of 22 days. we are regularly going to dr. for periodically check up as and when suggested. My son is now 11 years old he has no problem except swetting as and when he runs very fast while playing or otherwise. He is living is having good health comparing to a normal child. I just want to clear my doube that in the long run can we have any problem relating to volve in future or he will be alright for ever.

Rowland Sunday, March 7, 2010

I had CABG 13 years ago (at age 69) and it resulted in a stroke that left me with hemiplegia. Now, my angina is returning, but I'm treating it with Seanol - which so far (2 months)has been successful. Rowland

artini Saturday, February 19, 2011

thank god..hope you be patient rawland and continue with healty rountine and life style.

Most Popular on Medindia