Fatigue is one of the earliest symptoms of congestive heart failure. It is a non specific feature and can signify a number of other conditions.
The symptoms of congestive heart failure are variable and depend upon the condition of the individual, the organ system affected due to the heartís disability.
- Fatigue is one of the earliest symptoms of congestive heart failure. It is a non specific feature and can signify a number of other conditions.
- Swelling (oedema) of the ankles and legs or abdomen: Congestive heart failure leads to fluid overload in the body. This is actually due to failure of the right heart. Right heart failure may be due to a long standing left heart failure or severe lung diseases (such as cor pulmonale). Less commonly intrinsic disease of the right heart can also cause this.
- An increase in body weight is one of the earliest signs of fluid accumulation
- Shortness of breath: Fluid accumulation in the lung lead to shortness of breath when the patient lies flat. Sometimes they awaken at night, gasping for air. (Orthopnoea and Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnoea respectively)
- Some patients canít sleep unless sitting upright.
- Increased urination: especially at night
- When the intestines or liver get affected, features like nausea, abdominal pain, and decreased appetite walk in.
- Cecil Medicine, 23rd Ed.
- Harrison''s PRINCIPLES OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, 17TH Edition
- Amsterdam EA. Revised American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines for the management of heart failure. Prev Cardiol. 2005 Fall;8(4):254, 256.
- Heart Failure Society Of America. Evaluation and management of patients with acute decompensated heart failure. J Card Fail. 2006 Feb;12(1):e86-e103. Review.