About Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Colo-rectal Cancer Management - Stage and Treatment

Written by Dr. Anitha Paderla, MBBS | Medically Reviewed by Dr. Sunil Shroff, MBBS, MS, FRCS (UK), D. Urol (Lond) on Jul 07, 2020
Font : A-A+

Colo-rectal Cancer Management - Stage and Treatment

The therapy for colorectal cancer depends upon the extent of tumor spread and the type of tumor.

Advertisement

So the Treatment options rely on the following:

  • The stage of the cancer
  • Whether the cancer has recurred
  • The patient's general health

The available options for therapy based on staging are:

Stage 0 colon cancer

Treatment may be one of the following:

  • Local excision or simple polypectomy to remove all the cancer
  • Bowel resection

Stage I colon cancer

Treatment is usually surgery (bowel resection) to remove the cancer and join the cut ends of the bowel.

Advertisement

Stage II colon cancer

Treatment may be one of the following:

  • Treatment is usually surgery (bowel resection) to remove the cancer
  • Clinical trials of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or biological therapy following surgery
  • If the tumor has spread to nearby tissue, a patient may also receive chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy following surgery

Stage III colon cancer

Treatment may be one of the following:

  • Treatment is usually surgery (bowel resection) to remove the cancer followed by chemotherapy
  • Clinical trials of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and/or biological therapy following surgery
Advertisement

Stage IV colon cancer

Treatment may be one of the following:

  • Surgery (bowel resection) to remove the cancer or to make the colon go around the cancer so that it can still work
  • Surgery to remove parts of other organs such as the liver, lungs, and ovaries, where the cancer may have spread
  • Radiation therapy to relieve symptoms
  • Chemotherapy to relieve symptoms
  • Clinical trials of chemotherapy or biological therapy

Recurrent Colorectal cancer

Depending on the site of recurrence treatment options are:

  • Surgery: If the cancer is localized in only one part of the body
  • Chemotherapy or Radiation therapy: If the cancer has spread to several parts of the body

Follow-up care

It is important after treatment for colorectal cancer to have regular checkups to ensure that changes in health are noticed. If the cancer recurs or develops in another area, it needs be treated as soon as possible. Checkups may include a physical exam, a fecal occult blood test, a colonoscopy, chest x-rays, and lab tests. Testing for Tumor makers namely carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and CA 19-9 can detect early recurrences. Between scheduled checkups, a person who has had colorectal cancer should report any health problems to the doctor as soon as they appear.

References:

  1. Colorectal Cancer-Patient Version - (http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/colon-and-rectal)
  2. Colorectal Cancer - (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/colorectalcancer.html)

Citations   close

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Dr. Anitha Paderla. (2020, July 07). Colo-rectal Cancer Management - Stage and Treatment. Medindia. Retrieved on May 28, 2022 from https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/colorectal-cancer-management-stage-treatment.htm.

  • MLA

    Dr. Anitha Paderla. "Colo-rectal Cancer Management - Stage and Treatment". Medindia. May 28, 2022. <https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/colorectal-cancer-management-stage-treatment.htm>.

  • Chicago

    Dr. Anitha Paderla. "Colo-rectal Cancer Management - Stage and Treatment". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/colorectal-cancer-management-stage-treatment.htm. (accessed May 28, 2022).

  • Harvard

    Dr. Anitha Paderla. 2021. Colo-rectal Cancer Management - Stage and Treatment. Medindia, viewed May 28, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/colorectal-cancer-management-stage-treatment.htm.


Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Comments

guest

Good

Advertisement
Health Topics A - Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



    Advertisement
    What's New on Medindia
    Monkeypox Outbreak: What it is, How Does it Spread & the Prevention
    Seasonal Allergy Medications
    How to Choose the Best Eczema-Friendly Moisturizer for Children?
    View all
    Advertisement

    Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
    Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

    Most Popular on Medindia

    Loram (2 mg) (Lorazepam) Pregnancy Confirmation Calculator Color Blindness Calculator Blood Donation - Recipients Drug Interaction Checker Accident and Trauma Care Selfie Addiction Calculator Post-Nasal Drip Vent Forte (Theophylline) Indian Medical Journals

    Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

    © All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2022

    This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use