Written by Dr. D. Sunitha, MBBS | 
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Sunil Shroff, MBBS, MS, FRCS (UK), D. Urol (Lond) on Dec 19, 2019

Risks of breech delivery

Umbilical cord prolapse - This may occur, particularly in the complete, footling, or kneeling breech.

Head entrapment - is caused the failure of the fetal head to negotiate the maternal pelvis.

Oxygen deprivation - may occur from either cord prolapse or prolonged compression of the cord during birth, as in head entrapment. It may cause permanent neurological damage or death.

Injury to the brain and skull - This may occur due to the rapid passage of the baby's head through the mother's pelvis. This injury is more likely in preterm babies.

Damage to the internal organs - This can occur due to Squeezing of the baby's abdomen.

Damage the spine or spinal cord - Positioning the baby incorrectly while using forceps to deliver the after coming head can damage the spine or spinal cord.

Breech Presentation and Delivery - References:

  1. Breech Presentation - (http://www.emedicine.com/med/topic3272.htm)
  2. Breech birth - (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breech_birth)


Dr.Niharika Monday, February 20, 2012


sarit.ranjan Friday, February 13, 2009

use of forcep in after coming head

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