Written by Dr. D. Sunitha, MBBS | 
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Sunil Shroff, MBBS, MS, FRCS (UK), D. Urol (Lond) on Dec 19, 2019

Breech Presentation and Delivery - Prognosis

Breech delivery increases the fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality. The maternal mortality and morbidity has increased due to a rise in the number of cesarean deliveries.

The fetal mortality is 9% compared with 3% in cephalic presentations. The Apgar scores are also lower in breech deliveries when compared with cephalic presentations.

The factors that have an adverse effect on the fetal outcome are older mothers, footling presentation, Hyper extended fetal head, Low birth weight, prolonged labor and non-experienced clinician.

Breech Presentation and Delivery - References:

  1. Breech Presentation - (http://www.emedicine.com/med/topic3272.htm)
  2. Breech birth - (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breech_birth)


Dr.Niharika Monday, February 20, 2012


sarit.ranjan Friday, February 13, 2009

use of forcep in after coming head

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