About Intrauterine Insemination

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Dr. Reeja Tharu
Medically Reviewed by The Medindia Medical Review Team  on Sep 06, 2014
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Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)

It is the most commonly used technique and can be done as an outpatient service. It is very useful incase of infertility caused due to low count or decreased motility of the sperm. It also enables the sperm to bypass the cervical barrier. This is very valuable incase of a deficient cervical mucus or an unfriendly cervical mucus that is toxic to the sperm.

IUI merely increases the probability of fertilization between a healthy sperm and oocyte.

Technique:

It is performed by passing a sterile catheter containing the sperm through the cervix and into the uterine cavity. The sperms are then injected directly into the uterus. You may be required to remain lying down with elevated hips for about 45 minutes.

Advantages:

  1. Quick procedure can be done in the out patient clinic itself. Does not need medical admission.
  2. Relatively less invasive and uncomplicated than IVF.
  3. It is a more natural way of fertility treatment.
  4. Less expensive when compared to other advanced treatment options.

Disadvandages:

The fertilization outcome cannot be predicted because the fertilization takes place inside the human body.

Success Rate:

  1. The pregnancy rates for IUI treatment cycles lie somewhere around 15-20% per cycle.
  2. The average time frame for IUI is about three or 6 treatment cycles, provided all other parameters are taken into consideration or treated.

Risks Involved:

Superovulation, commonly used in conjunction with AI, is associated with mood or behavioral changes in women. In addition, it may also be responsible for multiple pregnancies. This also increases the risk of low birth weight babies. It can also result in the formation of ovarian cysts, leading to abdominal pain.

Infection:

The procedure has to be done under strict aseptic conditions. Although the process of sperm preparation reduces the chances of infection, the procedure can result in infection in less than 1 % of the cases. Symptoms of infection include lower abdominal pain, fever, vaginal discharge or bleeding. This can be treated with oral anti-biotics in a majority of the cases.

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guest

The article is really good. The artificial insemination is really helpful for those couple who doesn't have children. The method is simple and affordable. The couple can have siblings of their own gene. ================== Jack Wide Circles

guest

Adaption is the best way to have children not artificial insemination. That's immoral

guest

i was googling adaption to see what technique thaqt was as we are trying to get pregnant after several articles on evolution I realized you couldn't spell

guest

Children are born all the time through Artificial Insemination...so if God has a plan for all children then he has a plan for those too...some in which wouldnt be born without help from Artificial Insemination!

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